Pashtun, Northern in India


Population
11,408,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Pashtun, or Pushtun, are a race of warriors who live primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan. They consist of about sixty tribes, each with its own territory. Although their origin is unclear, their legends say that they are the descendants of Afghana, grandson of King Saul. However, most believe they probably arose from ancient Aryans intermingling with subsequent invaders.

The Pashtun are said to be elegant, colorfully attired, hospitable, considerate, fierce in hatred, and kind in friendship. Though very dedicated to their religious beliefs, they are also fond of pleasure. They are known for their marksmanship and their love of honor.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Pashtun live in southern and central Asia. Their homes lie along a chain of barren, rugged mountains.

At the core of Pashtun society is the extended family. Each family group owns its land and lives in a fortified residence called a qala. Every qala is divided into two areas: a general living area and the private living quarters. A high wall in the middle separates the two areas.

Distinctive tribal customs and traditions also form an integral part of Pashtun society. The true essence of their culture can be seen in the "code of ethics" that they live by. This unwritten code is called Pushtunwali ("the way of the Pushtun"), and is close to the heart of every Pashtun.

Pushtunwali is followed religiously, and it includes the following practices: melmastia (hospitality and protection to every guest); nanawati (the right of a fugitive to seek refuge, and acceptance of his bona fide offer of peace); badal (the right of blood feuds or revenge); tureh (bravery); sabat (steadfastness); imandari (righteousness); 'isteqamat (persistence); ghayrat (defense of property and honor); and namoos (defense of one's women).

The Pashtun tribes range from the highly educated who live in cities to tent-dwelling nomads. Although their societies are based on tribal traditions, the Pashtun who live in cities or villages have a different attitude towards social status than do the nomads. This is because the villages are made up of both Pashtun and non-Pashtun peoples. In most cases, the Pashtun are the landowners.

Traditionally, inheritances are divided equally among all the sons. The daughters are usually excluded, in spite of the clear teachings in the Koran concerning such matters. A daftari is a man who possesses a share in the tribal lands and has a voice in tribal councils. Such a person is regarded with high esteem in Pashtun society.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of Pashtun are Sunni Muslims. Islam came to them as a great liberating and unifying force, freeing them from the cult of Brahminism and the harshness of Buddhism. For this reason, their underlying faith and steadfast devotion to Islam are very strong.


What Are Their Needs?

Many of the Pashtun are extremely poor and live in unsanitary conditions caused mainly by poor water supply. A large number of the adults are also illiterate. The need for qualified medical teams and school teachers is great.


Prayer Points

* Ask God to grant wisdom and favor to mission agencies that are focusing on the Pashtuns.
* Ask God to encourage and protect the small number of Pashtun believers.
* Pray that God will provide greater peace and freedom to live and work among the Pashtun.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften their hearts towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-17
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-15
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-10-11
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-10-29
People Name General Pashtun, Northern
People Name in Country Pashtun, Northern
Population in India 11,408,000
World Population 39,898,100
Total Countries 20
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 228
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Afghan, Eastern Pashto, Eastern Pathan, Khan Saheb, Khans, Musalman, Paktoons, Pashtun, Western, Pathan, Pushtun, Pushtun Afghan, Safi, Shafi, Western Pathan, पश्तून, नॉर्दर्न
People ID 14256
ROP3 Code 107909
Affinity Bloc Persian-Median
People Cluster Pashtun
People Group Pashtun, Northern
Ethnic Code CNT24a
Total Subgroups on file 46
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Yusafzai
814,000
Lodi
536,000
Afridi
466,000
Kakar
463,000
Ghauri
360,000
Mohmand
170,000
Khan
102,000
Bangash
58,000
Rohilla
57,000
Mohammadzai
44,000
Dilazak
41,000
Ghilzai
37,000
Guria
33,000
Beteli
32,000
Jilan
32,000
Affinity Bloc Persian-Median
People Cluster Pashtun
People Group Pashtun, Northern
Ethnic Code CNT24a
Total Subgroups 46 (only 15 largest shown)
  Yusafzai 814,000
  Lodi 536,000
  Afridi 466,000
  Kakar 463,000
  Ghauri 360,000
  Mohmand 170,000
  Khan 102,000
  Bangash 58,000
  Rohilla 57,000
  Mohammadzai 44,000
  Dilazak 41,000
  Ghilzai 37,000
  Guria 33,000
  Beteli 32,000
  Jilan 32,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 35
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
4,871,000
Maharashtra
1,196,000
West Bengal
1,012,000
Rajasthan
989,000
Madhya Pradesh
886,000
Karnataka
577,000
Bihar
354,000
Gujarat
272,000
Odisha
212,000
Telangana
206,000
Tamil Nadu
201,000
Delhi
167,000
Chhattisgarh
106,000
Andhra Pradesh
65,000
Jharkhand
60,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 35  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh 4,871,000
  Maharashtra 1,196,000
  West Bengal 1,012,000
  Rajasthan 989,000
  Madhya Pradesh 886,000
  Karnataka 577,000
  Bihar 354,000
  Gujarat 272,000
  Odisha 212,000
  Telangana 206,000
  Tamil Nadu 201,000
  Delhi 167,000
  Chhattisgarh 106,000
  Andhra Pradesh 65,000
  Jharkhand 60,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (10,169,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 45
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
691,000
Marwari
152,000
Bhojpuri
102,000
Gujarati
82,000
Dhundari
66,000
Awadhi
65,000
Telugu
48,000
Malayalam
33,000
Pashto, Northern
33,000
Tamil
33,000
Shekhawati
28,000
Mewari
23,000
Marathi
21,000
Chhattisgarhi
19,000
Merwari
15,000
Other People Groups Speaking Urdu
Primary Language Urdu (10,169,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 45
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 691,000
  Marwari 152,000
  Bhojpuri 102,000
  Gujarati 82,000
  Dhundari 66,000
  Awadhi 65,000
  Telugu 48,000
  Malayalam 33,000
  Pashto, Northern 33,000
  Tamil 33,000
  Shekhawati 28,000
  Mewari 23,000
  Marathi 21,000
  Chhattisgarhi 19,000
  Merwari 15,000
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
-0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source George Gavrus 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




Copyright © 2018 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.