This people group speaks Kanembu, a Kanuri language that has various dialects.
Up until the 1200s, the Kanembu were the most powerful people group south of the Sahara, advancing their position by importing technology. However, their empire rapidly declined during the 1500s under the strength of other more aggressive and powerful rulers.
Most Kanembu live in the desert region of northwestern Chad, just northeast of Lake Chad. They inhabit an arid region of thin thorny bushes. Vegetation is seasonal, since the area receives less than twelve inches of rain per year. Part of their homeland is in southeastern Niger and northeastern Nigeria.
The Kanembu are primarily farmers and stock breeders. Many families keep small gardens in the fertile wadis (valleys or streambeds). In good wadis, which are occasionally watered by streams, farmers can harvest corn twice a year and wheat once. Those living around Lake Chad make use of the moist, fertile polders (wadis that have been artificially created by damming a small inlet of the lake). Frequently, Kanembu farmers have a surplus of grain, which they export north by camel and across Lake Chad to Nigeria by canoe.
The Kanembu's ancestors were herdsmen; and today, many Kanembu still tend cattle. In the north, some are semi-nomadic, migrating for brief periods with their cattle. Others are settled farmers, raising livestock and growing millet on ground fertilized by the manure of their cattle.
The Kanembu have a stable social structure. Each village has a secular chief and a religious leader who provide material and spiritual guidance. Families are large, and some of the men have more than one wife. They live in straw huts that are built near sandy depressions where water collects.
Arabs migrating from the North and East spread into Chad with Islam during the tenth century. Today, Islam is strong among the Kanembu. They are generally orthodox, faithfully following Islamic practices, with the exception of a few rural traditions.
Interestingly, there are a few points of resemblance between their religious ideals and those of Christianity: the belief in one only God, who is eternal, the creator, omniscient; the existence of protecting spirits (or angels); the concept of the sanctuary or "holy of holies" and the Spirit of God who communicates; and various analogies to explain complex concepts.
Although some young boys travel to Nigeria's Borno State to attend Islamic high schools, most Kanembu are illiterate. Their villages lack modern schools and health care, facilities that are hindered by the absence of quality roads.
The Islamic faith has been passed down among the Kanembu from generation to generation. Parents forbid education in secular schools, even if it means no education at all. They only allow their children to study Arabic, since it was the language of Mohammed. The Kanembu desperately need willing workers to live among them and demonstrate God's love to them in practical ways.
* Scripture Prayers for the Kanembu in Niger.
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to Niger and share Christ with the Kanembu people.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Kanembu towards believers so that they will be receptive to the gospel.
* Pray that God will raise up teams of intercessors who will faithfully stand in the gap for these precious people.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a strong church planting movement among the Kanembu people in Chad, Nigeria and Niger.
|Profile Source: Keith Carey|
|Expanded PDF Profile|
|People Name General||Kanembu|
|People Name in Country||Kanembu|
|Population this Country||34,000|
|Population all Countries||926,000|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||Yes|
|GSEC||1 (per PeopleGroups.org)|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||Kanembou; Karkawu; Kenembu|
|Region||Africa, West and Central|
|Persecution Rank||33 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
Primary Language: Kanembu
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (Global Recordings Network)|
|Major Religion ▲||Percent|
|Christianity (Evangelical 0.00 %)||
|Other / Small||
|Christian Segments ▲||Percent|