Kapu in India

Joshua Project has identified the Kapu only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Telugu word Kapu or Kaapu means protector. They are also referred to by their caste title Naidu, which means leader.

Kapus were inhabitants of the Andhra region, people who migrated from the north, cleared forests for agriculture and built settlements. They are the descendants of the Kaampu tribe, an Indo-Aryan tribe, which migrated from Kampilya, Mithila and Ayodhya. These were ancient cities situated in the Gangetic Plains of North India spread across Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The migration seems to have occurred 2500 years ago, which coincides with the rise of the first Andhra Kingdom, Satavahanas. This migrant tribe initially settled along the banks of the Godavari River, cleared forests and built settlements and towns.

The Kapus were primarily a military/agrarian community who took up military service and participated in cultivation during peace time. Consequently the Kapu subcastes also evolved based on occupation. Kapus who engaged in trade were referred to as Balija. Balijas who took up military service and protected trading caravans were called Balija Nayakulu or Balija Naidu.

Modern day Kapus have banded together to fight for their political rights in the caste system. They have also organized agricultural unions to protect their way of life.

Where Are they Located?

They are found primarily in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where they make up about one-quarter of the population. The Kapu community in Andhra Pradesh is predominantly concentrated in the coastal districts, North Telangana and Rayalaseema regions of Andhra Pradesh. They are also found in large numbers in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa.

What Are Their Lives Like?

A significant number of Kapus have today diversified into industry, arts and academia. However, substantial segments of the population are still farmers. They are similar to farming peoples in neighboring Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamilnadu, Orissa, Rajasthan and also Madhya Pradesh.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Kapu are primarily Hindu. They also live among many Muslims.

What Are Their Needs?

Missionary activity in the Andhra Pradesh region has seen spouts of success in winning the population to Christ. In 1710, a Roman Catholic missionary established one of the first mission stations in the region and nearly 300 people came to faith. Various Protestant missions groups arrived some two hundred years later. Today, 30 major denominations are represented in the state. The Church at large, however, has struggled long and hard against nominalism. Of the 33 tribal groups in Andhra Pradesh, 16 have yet to be evangelized.

Prayer Points

* That missionaries will be called to the Kapu.
* That the spiritual and physical needs of the Kapu will be met by Christian leaders.
* That God will open the minds and hearts of the Kapu to the love of Christ.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-05
People Name General Kapu
People Name in Country Kapu
Population in India 15,052,000
World Population 15,052,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Chowdhary, Kamma Naidu, Naidu, Telaga
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Telugu
People Name General Kapu
Ethnic Code CNN25d
People ID 19597
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  22  (up to 20 largest shown)
Andhra Pradesh (7,913,000) Telangana (5,888,000) Tamil Nadu (566,000) Odisha (254,000)
Karnataka (232,000) Maharashtra (168,000) Pondicherry (18,000) Kerala (2,600)
West Bengal (2,500) Delhi (2,000) Assam (1,100) Andaman and Nicobar (1,000)
Chhattisgarh (1,000) Gujarat (600) Jharkhand (500) Uttar Pradesh (500)
Goa (200) Chandigarh (200) Rajasthan (100) Madhya Pradesh (70)
Total States on file:  22  (up to 20 largest shown)
Andhra Pradesh (7,913,000) Telangana (5,888,000)
Tamil Nadu (566,000) Odisha (254,000)
Karnataka (232,000) Maharashtra (168,000)
Pondicherry (18,000) Kerala (2,600)
West Bengal (2,500) Delhi (2,000)
Assam (1,100) Andaman and Nicobar (1,000)
Chhattisgarh (1,000) Gujarat (600)
Jharkhand (500) Uttar Pradesh (500)
Goa (200) Chandigarh (200)
Rajasthan (100) Madhya Pradesh (70)
Languages & Dialects on file:  8  (up to 20 largest shown)
Telugu (14,436,000) Kannada (239,000) Tamil (44,000) Oriya (6,800)
Hindi (600) English (400) Marathi (200) Konkani (200)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Telugu 14,436,000 Kannada 239,000
Tamil 44,000 Oriya 6,800
Hindi 600 English 400
Marathi 200 Konkani 200
For Primary Language: Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1812-1966)
New Testament Yes   (1818-1989)
Complete Bible Yes   (1854-2002)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Telugu Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Oral Bible stories in Telugu Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.99 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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