Vanniyan in India

Joshua Project has identified the Vanniyan only in India

Population

11,669,000

Christian

0.90%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Toni Tagimacruz


Introduction / History

The term Vanniyars (Vanniyans) and Padayatchi has been used interchangeably because of the same historical origin they claim. They trace their ancestry from the five sons of Veera Vanniyan or Rudra Vanniya Maharaja who assumed leadership of the country after having freed the earth from Vatapi and Mahi by destroying these two Brahma-worshiping Asuras. It was believed that armed horsemen sprung from flames as a result of the Yagam, or sacrifice by yogic powers performed by Jambuva Mahamuni or Sambu/Jambu Maharishi as requested by gods and lords so as to put an end to the garrisoning of the Earth by the two Asuras. The horsemen were named VanniRaya. In reality, Vanniyars are descendants the medieval Pallava Kings who ruled Andhra and northern Tamilnadu with their capital at Kanchipuram. Padayatchis and Vanniyars have minor differences as Padayatchi is a class within the Vanniyar castes.


Where are they Located?

Most Vanniyars in India are in the three adjacent southern states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andrha Pradesh, mostly concentrated in the area where these three states intersect. Among the lower castes in the Tamil Nadu, they are the most populous and they are one of the very earliest caste to be socially well organized. Today they are the most politically mobilized and well-informed caste in the Tamil Nadu.

There were several waves of Tamil dispersals from India and Sri Lanka creating what is known as Tamil diaspora. Many Vanniyars migrated to South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore, Seychelles, Mauritius and Fiji and the next generation Vanniyars have been using variant titles such as Govendar, Naicker and Padayatchi amongst themselves.


What are Their Lives Like?

The Vanniyars are officially classed belonging to the feudal caste of Vanniakula Kshatriya in Tamil Nadu. There are 92 different names or sub caste/sub titles given for Vannia Kula Kshatriya community. The members of the Vanniyar caste are known by several names depending on location and status. They may be referred to as Padayatchi, Gounder, Naicker or Nayagar, Reddiar, Kander/Kandar, Palli and many other titles in Tamil Nadu, Vanniar Gounder, Reddiar,Padayatchi etc in pondicherry, in Karnataka they are called Tigala / Thigala, or Thigilaru with a common suffix of Gowda, Hebbar or Hebbe and Nayakar. In Andhra Pradesh, Vanniars are usually known as Palli, Agnikula Kshatriya, Vanniyakula Kshatriya, Vanne Kapu or Vanne Reddy. In Kerala, they are called Vaniya pillai, Vaniya nair and Reddiar.


What are Their Beliefs?

The overwhelming majority of Vanniyars are Hindu. Rather than believing in one god, they believe in a multitude of gods.


What are Their Needs?

*Pray that God will raise up prayer teams to break up the soil through worship and intercession.
*Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Bhil.
*Ask the Holy Spirit to soften their hearts towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.




Profile Source: Toni Tagimacruz
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Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country
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People Name General Vanniyan
People Name in Country Vanniyan
ROP3 Code 113870
Joshua Project People ID 18323
Indigenous Yes
Population in India 11,669,000
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Agnikula, Agnikula Kshatriya, Ekera, Ekere, Ekila, Gangavamsam, Gounder, Kampanamullu, Kounder, Naicker, Nayullu, Padaichi, Padaiyachi, Padaiychi, Palli, Palli Reddi, Pandamuttu, Penta, Perumal, Thigala, Tigala, Tilvi, Vanne kapulu, Vanne Reddi, Vannikola, Vannikula Kshatriya, Variyar, Vellaiyan, Vontikulgi,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tamil 11,598,736 Telugu 160,490 Kannada 136,870 Malayalam 69,120
Oriya 4,940 Tulu 1,010 Pengo 370 Konkani, Goan 140
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Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Name General Vanniyan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
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Largest Religion Hinduism
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
0.90%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
0.00%
Hinduism
99.10%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
0.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: McKay Savage Creative Commons: Yes
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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