Viswakarma in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Vishwakarmas are also known as Vishwabrahmins. They are followers of Vishvakarman, the Hindu presiding deity of all craftsman and architects, from whom all Vishwakarmas claimed to have descended from. Hence, today the term Vishwarkama denotes a community or group of castes of artisans from India. These castes are the goldsmith, carpenter, blacksmith, copper-smith, stone-mason.

Aside from being known as Vishwabrahmins, they are also called Panchal meaning "specialized in five different works;" Kavi, Madhvi, Suhastasour and Narashansha identical castes in ancient Vedic reference; Rathakar, because they used to make the chariot for ancient kings; and Karmmalar in the Madras. Depending on which side - Northern or Southern side of India- the reference is made, there are many more names associated with the Vishwakarmas.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Vishwakarmas played a vital role in the Indian village economy where their communities are widely spread across the country. They considered themselves "missionaries of civilization, culture and religion" as they spread Hinduism through their art. They have contributed greatly to Indian civilization and culture as city and temple builders, engineers, architects, and artists. In ancient India, Vishwabrahmins where highly regarded. However, they are not as highly esteemed by the Brahmins - the priestly castes. The origin of such feud is largely unknown, but one reason was the refusal of Brahmins to recognize the status of the Vishwakarmas to be at par with their status. The Vishwakarmas has also rejected the "pastorship" or "leadership" or "supremacy" of the Brahmins and have set themselves up as spiritual guides and religious teachers.

Their communal identity has always been strongly tied to their profession. With industrialization and more recently, globalization, the traditional artisan trade has been greatly affected. The economic and technological forces are buffeting their profession to extinction. This has contributed to a sort of identity crises - being unable to identify with the upper castes or the lower castes. They also have a rather unpopular history (until the 1980's) of identifying with the communists. Their socio-economic status varies from a very high level to the low level in different parts of India as they earned high wages in towns because of their factory employment and low in villages.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Their claim of "Brahminism" is based on their claims of lineage from the Hindu God, Vishvakarman who is claimed to be the lord of creation. Also, they claimed that it was the Vishvakarmas who are the real architects of the Indus Valley and the Brahmins are only usurpers of the glory.

Profile Source:   Toni Tagimacruz  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-10
People Name General Viswakarma
People Name in Country Viswakarma
Population in India 8,020,000
World Population 8,151,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Achari, Achari Thacher, Achary, Akkasale, Asari, Asari Oddi, Brahmalu, Chettian, Chola, Gejjigar, Kamar, Kammalan, Kammalar, Kammiyar, Kamsala, Kannalan, Kannalar, Kollar Ponkollar, Manu, Mukkuvar, Ojali, Ozuu, Pancha Brahma, Panchal, Panchal Brahma, Panchala, Pandithattan, Pandya, Pathuria, Shilpi, Silpi, Sozhia, Sthapathi, Sthapathulu, Sutar, Thocher, Vaddra, Vishvakarma, Vishwa Brahman, Vishwabrahman, Vishwakarma, Viswa Brahman, Viswabrahma, Viswabrahman, Viswajana, Viswakammala, Vojali, Waggai
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Telugu
People Name General Viswakarma
Ethnic Code CNN23d
People ID 18314
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  29  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu (2,813,000) Andhra Pradesh (2,121,000) Karnataka (1,279,000) Kerala (964,000)
Telangana (520,000) Maharashtra (230,000) Pondicherry (35,000) Goa (17,000)
Delhi (10,000) Odisha (9,400) Gujarat (8,700) West Bengal (4,400)
Chhattisgarh (2,300) Madhya Pradesh (1,700) Chandigarh (900) Assam (800)
Uttar Pradesh (600) Jharkhand (500) Andaman and Nicobar (500) Rajasthan (400)
Total States on file:  29  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu (2,813,000) Andhra Pradesh (2,121,000)
Karnataka (1,279,000) Kerala (964,000)
Telangana (520,000) Maharashtra (230,000)
Pondicherry (35,000) Goa (17,000)
Delhi (10,000) Odisha (9,400)
Gujarat (8,700) West Bengal (4,400)
Chhattisgarh (2,300) Madhya Pradesh (1,700)
Chandigarh (900) Assam (800)
Uttar Pradesh (600) Jharkhand (500)
Andaman and Nicobar (500) Rajasthan (400)
Languages & Dialects on file:  17  (up to 20 largest shown)
Telugu (2,931,000) Tamil (2,562,000) Malayalam (991,000) Kannada (974,000)
Marathi (163,000) Tulu (102,000) Konkani (50,000) Hindi (49,000)
Konkani, Goan (23,000) Ahirani (2,100) Oriya (2,100) Gujarati (1,600)
Bengali (1,600) Kurumba, Kannada: Moopan (1,000) Khandesi (500) Kodava (200)
Chhattisgarhi (200)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Telugu 2,931,000 Tamil 2,562,000
Malayalam 991,000 Kannada 974,000
Marathi 163,000 Tulu 102,000
Konkani 50,000 Hindi 49,000
Konkani, Goan 23,000 Ahirani 2,100
Oriya 2,100 Gujarati 1,600
Bengali 1,600 Kurumba, Kannada: Moopan 1,000
Khandesi 500 Kodava 200
Chhattisgarhi 200
For Primary Language: Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1812-1966)
New Testament Yes   (1818-1989)
Complete Bible Yes   (1854-2002)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Telugu Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Oral Bible stories in Telugu Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.13 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.86 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Toni Tagimacruz  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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