Kuravan in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Kuravans form the sixth largest Scheduled Caste population in Tamil Nadu state. And other states in South Indias are Kerala, Andhra and karnataka states. Many Kuravans live near the Idukki Arch Dam which is the world's second and Asia's first arch dam, constructed across the Kuravan and Kurathi hills. The dam lies close to the Cheruthoni barrage and to its west is the Kulamavu Dam. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary is also located closeby.

They make certain household items out of bamboos and palm leafs and sell them to earn their living. They hunt birds and raise country pigs (black pigs) both for their consumption and sale. They also hunt cats from the village for consumption. Some of them work as fortune-tellers. Since they use the trained Kili (parrot) to predict the fortune of the people, they are also known as kili josiyars. However, they do not go to any other castes asking for food. They are also not required to perform any unfavorable tasks and rituals for other Scheduled Castes.

Indian Government should be announced Kuravan community as Scheduled Tribe. Expect the Development programs from government for their pupils growth in socially and economically. The government is helping to recover our language because today there are no symbols of our language. It is only spoken, not written and is rarely used. Tamil is the mostly used language among the Kuravan.

Basically Kuravans are Tribals. Kuravan's other names are Sidhanar, Malai Kuravan, Vedar and Veduvar. Kuravan names may be called as Sidhanar for social status because other community pupils not respect to name of Kuravan. Legend says the god Murugan married the daughter (Valli) of Kuravan, a tribal leader (Nambirajan) from the mountains. Kuravan community was mentioned in familiar Tamil litratures like Silappathikaram, Kuttrala kuravanchi, Agathiam, Tholgappiam and Thirumurugatruppadai.

Profile Source:   Muthiah R.  

People Name General Kuravan
People Name in Country Kuravan
Population in India 486,000
World Population 487,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Adekar Kala Koran, Kulavan, Kuruva, Kuruvan, Malai Kuravan, Manga Nadisuvavaru, Sidhanar, Sidhnar, Vedar, Veduvar
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Name General Kuravan
Ethnic Code CNN23b
People ID 17341
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  14  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kerala (327,000) Tamil Nadu (135,000) Karnataka (13,000) Maharashtra (2,400)
Pondicherry (1,800) Delhi (700) Telangana (300) Andhra Pradesh (200)
Odisha (200) Chandigarh (70) Madhya Pradesh (70) Chhattisgarh (40)
Goa (40) Andaman and Nicobar (30)
Total States on file:  14  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kerala (327,000) Tamil Nadu (135,000)
Karnataka (13,000) Maharashtra (2,400)
Pondicherry (1,800) Delhi (700)
Telangana (300) Andhra Pradesh (200)
Odisha (200) Chandigarh (70)
Madhya Pradesh (70) Chhattisgarh (40)
Goa (40) Andaman and Nicobar (30)
Languages & Dialects on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Malayalam (324,000) Tamil (147,000) Kannada (5,900) Konkani (200)
English (200) Tulu (80) Konkani, Goan (30)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Malayalam 324,000 Tamil 147,000
Kannada 5,900 Konkani 200
English 200 Tulu 80
Konkani, Goan 30

For Main Lanugage: Malayalam

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1811-1968)
New Testament Yes   (1829-1995)
Complete Bible Yes   (1841-2004)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Malayalam
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter International Bible Society
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
3.76 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
96.24 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Muthiah R.  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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