Kuruba in India

Joshua Project has identified the Kuruba only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Kuruba of India are one of the oldest people groups in the country. They live in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Karnataka. The word Kuruba means warrior. They are farmers and shepherds by tradition as well as in the present day. The Kuruba speak Kannada, Marathi, Tamil and Telugu.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kuruba live in all regions of Karnataka. They read and write Kannada. The Kuruba are not vegetarians and they eat cereals such as rice and wheat. They are a people average in size. Marriage is allowed amongst cousins. Divorcees and the bereaved can marry again. Property goes to the sons when the father dies. There is a birth pollution that is regarded for nine days and the ceremony of naming the baby takes place on the tenth day. The couple is married at the home of the bridegroom. Their dead are buried and there is a ten day death pollution period. They use modern medicine and do family planning. In addition to farming, they weave rough blankets made of wool.

In Tamil Nadu, the Kuruba speak Kannada with members of their family but can speak Tamil and they read and write Tamil. The oldest son becomes in charge of the family when the father dies while the property is given equally to all the sons. They bury their dead. Besides shepherding, the Kuruba are in several other types of work.

What Are Their Beliefs?

They are Hindus and worship the god Shiva and celebrate traditional festivals such as Mailara Jaatre.

Prayer Points

Hinduism, especially when devoutly followed, is an obstacle to the gospel but many are coming to Jesus Christ in India when they see the reality of Christianity. More prayer is needed here.


Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-09-12
People Name General Kuruba
People Name in Country Kuruba
Population in India 4,021,000
World Population 4,021,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Dhangar, Gorava, Guravayyallu, Indra, Kanakajatiyavaru, Kathikkaran, Kathilkar, Kuramvar, Kuremban, Kuruban, Kuruma, Kurumba, Kurumban, Kurumbar, Kurumvari, Kuruva, Kuruvillu, Kurva, Malle Guravayyallu, Mallesu, Prathama Sudhra, Sudan
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Kannada
People Name General Kuruba
Ethnic Code CNN23a
People ID 17336
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  13  (up to 20 largest shown)
Karnataka (3,214,000) Tamil Nadu (739,000) Maharashtra (30,000) Andhra Pradesh (23,000)
Chhattisgarh (4,800) Telangana (3,600) Kerala (2,500) Pondicherry (1,800)
Goa (1,100) Delhi (500) Andaman and Nicobar (400) Madhya Pradesh (200)
Odisha (100)
Total States on file:  13  (up to 20 largest shown)
Karnataka (3,214,000) Tamil Nadu (739,000)
Maharashtra (30,000) Andhra Pradesh (23,000)
Chhattisgarh (4,800) Telangana (3,600)
Kerala (2,500) Pondicherry (1,800)
Goa (1,100) Delhi (500)
Andaman and Nicobar (400) Madhya Pradesh (200)
Odisha (100)
Languages & Dialects on file:  18  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kannada (3,052,000) Tamil (352,000) Telugu (283,000) Kurumba, Kannada (235,000)
Konkani (6,300) Tulu (5,600) Kurumba, Jennu (2,800) Kurumba, Alu (2,300)
Malayalam (2,000) Konkani, Goan (1,600) Bellari (1,200) Marathi (1,100)
Chhattisgarhi (300) Hindi (300) Kodava (80) English (50)
Urdu Gujarati
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Kannada 3,052,000 Tamil 352,000
Telugu 283,000 Kurumba, Kannada 235,000
Konkani 6,300 Tulu 5,600
Kurumba, Jennu 2,800 Kurumba, Alu 2,300
Malayalam 2,000 Konkani, Goan 1,600
Bellari 1,200 Marathi 1,100
Chhattisgarhi 300 Hindi 300
Kodava 80 English 50
Urdu 0 Gujarati 0
For Primary Language: Kannada

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1812-1988)
New Testament Yes   (1823-1995)
Complete Bible Yes   (1831-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Kannada Film / Video
Kannada Bible stories Audio Recordings
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture / Bible Audio Recordings
Oral Bible stories in Kannada Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.55 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.39 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.05 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Philipose Vaidyar   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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