Kisan in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Kisan live in India, in the states of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Many Kisan may now be living in Jharkhand in India. They are classed as a Scheduled Tribe. This benefits them in work, parliament and with other benefits. Kisan means "farmer". They are called by names according to the states they live in. In Orissa they are called Kor, Kuda and Mirdha and also Bihor, Kola and Morua. In Bihar they are called Nageshwar and Nagesia.

The Kisan use the languages of the states they live in. In Bihar they speak Sadri and use Devanagari for writing. In West Bengal, Sadri is the main language and they also speak and write in Bengali. In Orissa they speak Kisan and Oriya and use Oriya for writing.

Most of them are landowners who cultivate and agriculture is their main occupation. Those who have no land usually work as agricultural laborers. In West Bengal they often work on tea plantations.

Many Kisan sell products such as honey and wild flowers. They eat rice, mutton, poultry and eggs among other foods. The Kisan men drink alcohol, mostly locally brewed or home brewed. Many parents cannot afford to have their children educated and many have literacy problems. They are a tribal, peasant people and they use family planning.

Many Kisan use private moneylenders who charge high interests. They prefer marriages in adulthood. Marriage with the daughter of a mother's brother is accepted except in Bihar. Divorce is allowed in cases such as adultery, cruelty and impotence. Parental property is divided equally among the sons. The women have roles in money, social and religious matters. They have traditional councils at the village level to solve disputes.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kisan are Hindus and worship all the main gods and goddesses like Krishna, Siva, Hanuman, Rama and others. They have gods from their tribal roots also. They observe the main Hindu festivals. The Brahmin priests are called Purohit and local priests perform ceremonies. They use medicine men. The Kisan have pollution periods for both births and deaths. In West Bengal the dead are mainly cremated and in Orissa they are buried.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Video Links:
A Pilgrimage
People Name General Kisan
People Name in Country Kisan
Population in India 1,585,000
World Population 1,591,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Birhor, Birhors, Dhangar, Koda, Kola, Kora, Kuda, Kurla, Mircha, Mirdha, Morvas, Nagesia, Nageswar, Urav
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Name General Kisan
Ethnic Code CNN25b
People ID 17195
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  14  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (1,129,000) Odisha (382,000) Jharkhand (44,000) Uttarakhand (11,000)
West Bengal (9,100) Assam (4,800) Bihar (3,000) Arunachal Pradesh (1,100)
Tripura (800) Chhattisgarh (200) Maharashtra (200) Delhi (100)
Madhya Pradesh (20) Andaman and Nicobar (20)
Total States on file:  14  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (1,129,000) Odisha (382,000)
Jharkhand (44,000) Uttarakhand (11,000)
West Bengal (9,100) Assam (4,800)
Bihar (3,000) Arunachal Pradesh (1,100)
Tripura (800) Chhattisgarh (200)
Maharashtra (200) Delhi (100)
Madhya Pradesh (20) Andaman and Nicobar (20)
Languages & Dialects on file:  51  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (678,000) Awadhi (281,000) Kanauji (202,000) Kurux (198,000)
Oriya (151,000) Chhattisgarhi (15,000) Sadri (5,800) Bengali (5,100)
Kumaoni (4,800) Assamese (2,600) Mundari (1,800) Santhali (1,500)
Ho (1,000) Kharia (900) Munda (600) Marathi (500)
Kuvi (400) Koya (300) Panjabi, Eastern (300) Tamil (300)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 678,000 Awadhi 281,000
Kanauji 202,000 Kurux 198,000
Oriya 151,000 Chhattisgarhi 15,000
Sadri 5,800 Bengali 5,100
Kumaoni 4,800 Assamese 2,600
Mundari 1,800 Santhali 1,500
Ho 1,000 Kharia 900
Munda 600 Marathi 500
Kuvi 400 Koya 300
Panjabi, Eastern 300 Tamil 300
For Primary Language: Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Hindi Bible Text / Printed Matter
Hindi Bible stories Audio Recordings
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Hindi Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
1.81 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
97.46 %
0.02 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
0.71 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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