Kayastha, Hindu traditions in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Kayasthas mostly belong to the Hindi-speaking states of West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi.

Kayasthas also migrated to various other parts of the country. Most of the Kayasthas who shifted to Hyderabad from Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in the middle of the eighteenth century got employment in the court of the Nizam. In 1820, out of the 400 North Indian mansabdars, 60 were Kayasthas.

What Are Their Lives Like?

With the passing of time, the Kayasthas have surged ahead. They have broken new grounds in vocations other than those relating to writing and record-keeping, and excelled in them. Thus, in public life, Dr Rajendra Prasad rose to become the first President of the Republic of India, whereas Lal Bahadur Shastri succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru as the Prime Minister. Dr Sampuranand was the Chief Minister of U.P. and Governor of Rajasthan, besides being a literary figure. Jaya Prakash Narain brought down Indira Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose fought the British rule militarily. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, and Jagdish Chandra Bose were eminent scientists. Munshi Prem Chand, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Raghupat Sahai "Firaque" Gorakhpuri, Dr Vrindavan Lal Verma, Dr Ram Kumar Verma and Dr Dharm Vir Bharti have been men of letters. Swami Vivekanand was a philosopher and a true Indian. Amitabh Bachchan and Shatrughan Sinha have excelled in the film world, Mukesh and Sonu Nigam in the world of music.

What Are Their Beliefs?

It is said that Brahma, the Creator, having established the four varnas "Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra" dained Dharamraj (also called Yamraj, the god of death) to keep record of the deeds "good and evil" of all life-forms born and yet to be born on the earth, in the heavens above and in the lands below. Dharamraj, however, complained, "O Lord, how can I alone keep record of the deeds of the beings born into 84 lakh yonis (life-forms) in the three worlds?"

Brahma then closed his eyes, meditated for a while and lo and behold! there appeared a radiant figure with a quill-pen in one hand and an ink-pot in another. Brahma named him Chittagupta for he was conceived in his cognitive-self (chitta) and he was lying in Him, dormant and secret (gupta). He was born of Brahma's body (kaya) and so the Lord decreed that his progenies be called Kayasthas. He was assigned to work as a minister, to write and record for Dharamraj. Thus, the fifth varna, the Kayastha, came into existence. Some historians hold the view that during the reign of the Mughals, a number of Hindus who were were educated and endowed with sharp intellect attained administrative positions through rapid adaptation to the Persian language and culture of India's new rulers. These influential Hindus got together and formed a new caste known as Kayastha.

Profile Source:   Alok Saxena  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-09-23
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Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-09
People Name General Kayastha, Hindu traditions
People Name in Country Kayastha, Hindu traditions
Population in India 7,709,000
World Population 9,712,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Kact, Kaiath, Kait, Kaith, Karan, Kast, Kastha, Kayashtha, Kayasth, Kayath, Lal, Lala, Lalli
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  34  (up to 20 largest shown)
West Bengal (2,430,000) Uttar Pradesh (1,963,000) Bihar (1,359,000) Assam (651,000)
Madhya Pradesh (415,000) Tripura (245,000) Jharkhand (219,000) Odisha (122,000)
Uttarakhand (93,000) Chhattisgarh (46,000) Maharashtra (37,000) Rajasthan (32,000)
Delhi (29,000) Andaman and Nicobar (16,000) Haryana (15,000) Gujarat (9,000)
Arunachal Pradesh (7,300) Nagaland (6,500) Meghalaya (6,300) Punjab (3,400)
Total States on file:  34  (up to 20 largest shown)
West Bengal (2,430,000) Uttar Pradesh (1,963,000)
Bihar (1,359,000) Assam (651,000)
Madhya Pradesh (415,000) Tripura (245,000)
Jharkhand (219,000) Odisha (122,000)
Uttarakhand (93,000) Chhattisgarh (46,000)
Maharashtra (37,000) Rajasthan (32,000)
Delhi (29,000) Andaman and Nicobar (16,000)
Haryana (15,000) Gujarat (9,000)
Arunachal Pradesh (7,300) Nagaland (6,500)
Meghalaya (6,300) Punjab (3,400)
Languages & Dialects on file:  43  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bengali (3,865,000) Hindi (3,036,000) Bhojpuri (602,000) Assamese (487,000)
Awadhi (139,000) Magahi (107,000) Maithili (107,000) Oriya (106,000)
Kanauji (91,000) Garhwali (46,000) Chhattisgarhi (32,000) Bundeli (29,000)
Kurux (10,000) Bagheli (8,300) Gujarati (7,800) Kumaoni (7,100)
Malvi (4,700) Mundari (3,800) Dhundari (3,700) Braj Bhasha (2,900)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bengali 3,865,000 Hindi 3,036,000
Bhojpuri 602,000 Assamese 487,000
Awadhi 139,000 Magahi 107,000
Maithili 107,000 Oriya 106,000
Kanauji 91,000 Garhwali 46,000
Chhattisgarhi 32,000 Bundeli 29,000
Kurux 10,000 Bagheli 8,300
Gujarati 7,800 Kumaoni 7,100
Malvi 4,700 Mundari 3,800
Dhundari 3,700 Braj Bhasha 2,900
For Primary Language: Bengali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1800-1980)
New Testament Yes   (1801-1984)
Complete Bible Yes   (1809-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bengali Bible stories Audio Recordings
Bengali Language Film Film / Video
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mussulmani-Bangla, Kitabul Mukkados Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Standard Bangla Common Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: কিতাবুল মোকাদ্দস Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
General Ministry Resources Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Bengali Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.99 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Alok Saxena  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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