Halwai, Hindu in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


A Pilgrimage

Source:  Create International      Download

Introduction / History

The Halwai of India are a caste of sweet makers and confectioners. The name Halwai comes from the Hindi word Halwa which is a sweet. The Halwai are called Mithaiha in Madya Pradesh. In Uttarh Pradesh as well as being called Halwai, they are called Yogyaseni, Modanwal and Gupta. In Punjab they are called Kamboj and Arora. In West Bengal, they are called Mayara and in Orissa by the name Guria. There are many of them living in the east regions of Barabanki and Bahraich of Uttarh Pradesh.

The Halwai in Madya Pradesh migrated from Rajasthan and Gujarat many years ago in olden times. They are looked at with respect. Because of the importance sweets have in religion and socially, they have a special position in festivals and childbirths and marriages.

The Halwai of Uttarh Pradesh and Madya Pradesh speak Hindi. In Bihar they speak Maithili and Hindi as well. In most states they read and write in Devanagari. They speak Oriya in Orissa and Bengali in West Bengal.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Sweet shops of the Halwai are in the towns and bazaars in north India. Some of the Halwai do government and private work. Some work in agriculture. and there are a few doctors and engineers. They are mainly vegetarians, eating wheat and rice, fruit and vegetables. In Bihar, the Halwai eat chicken and mutton but not beef. They like milk and dairy produce but not alcohol. They educate both boys and girls and they do family planning as well as using modern medicines.

The Halwai are endogamous, which means they do not marry outside of the group. They believe in monogamy. Divorce is permitted and divorcees and the bereaved can marry again. They use a dowry. Property is equally given to the sons. The oldest son becomes the main one in the home. Younger men often move away to begin a business.

Most of the Halwai are comfortable financially and some are wealthy particularly in the cities and towns. (They need to realize that wealth is temporary but Salvation through Jesus Christ is permanent).

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Halwai are mainly Hindu and worship all the main Hindu gods such as Shiva, Rama and Krishna. A Brahmin priest does birth, marriage and death ceremonies. The dead are cremated and the ashes immersed in a river with the Ganges being the favorite. Post delivery child birth pollution and death pollution are observed for a given period of time.

The Halwai celebrate all the main Hindu festivals such as Holi and Diwali. They do pilgrimages to certain places.



Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-24
People Name General Halwai, Hindu
People Name in Country Halwai, Hindu
Population in India 1,266,000
World Population 1,417,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bhanti, Haluwai, Halwai, Madak, Maira, Mayara, Mehtar, Methaiwale, Modak, Modhunapit
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Halwai, Hindu
Ethnic Code CNN25c
People ID 16905
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  20  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bihar (535,000) West Bengal (397,000) Uttar Pradesh (309,000) Jharkhand (100,000)
Madhya Pradesh (5,700) Odisha (5,400) Chhattisgarh (4,500) Maharashtra (2,600)
Uttarakhand (1,800) Andaman and Nicobar (1,400) Delhi (1,300) Tripura (800)
Meghalaya (800) Nagaland (200) Mizoram (200) Manipur (200)
Arunachal Pradesh (200) Karnataka (100) Telangana (100) Rajasthan (50)
Total States on file:  20  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bihar (535,000) West Bengal (397,000)
Uttar Pradesh (309,000) Jharkhand (100,000)
Madhya Pradesh (5,700) Odisha (5,400)
Chhattisgarh (4,500) Maharashtra (2,600)
Uttarakhand (1,800) Andaman and Nicobar (1,400)
Delhi (1,300) Tripura (800)
Meghalaya (800) Nagaland (200)
Mizoram (200) Manipur (200)
Arunachal Pradesh (200) Karnataka (100)
Telangana (100) Rajasthan (50)
Languages & Dialects on file:  20  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (710,000) Bengali (363,000) Maithili (98,000) Bhojpuri (84,000)
Awadhi (50,000) Magahi (22,000) Kanauji (11,000) Angika (4,400)
Oriya (3,900) Chhattisgarhi (3,000) Bagheli (2,200) Bundeli (900)
Santhali (300) Garhwali (200) Andaman Creole Hindi (200) Nimadi (100)
Kumaoni (60) Telugu (40) Marathi (30) Assamese (20)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 710,000 Bengali 363,000
Maithili 98,000 Bhojpuri 84,000
Awadhi 50,000 Magahi 22,000
Kanauji 11,000 Angika 4,400
Oriya 3,900 Chhattisgarhi 3,000
Bagheli 2,200 Bundeli 900
Santhali 300 Garhwali 200
Andaman Creole Hindi 200 Nimadi 100
Kumaoni 60 Telugu 40
Marathi 30 Assamese 20

For Main Lanugage: Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Following Jesus (India) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Hindi Bible Text / Printed Matter
Hindi Bible stories Audio Recordings
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Hindi Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: India Missions Association   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Copyright © 2015 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.