Gond in India

Population

13,543,000

Christian

1.0%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Philipose Vaidyar


Introduction / History

A crude gate on the mud road, the wooden poles on both the sides and the beam across it stands high enough for any one to enter. There are remains of bundles and ropes hung on it. Among them you may find a new bundle of shrinking animal skin. If you see these before a village, you can be sure: you are entering a Gondi village.

Gonds celebrate their legacy every year during the Dasara. On that occasion, all the living heirs of the crown in each generation are honored by carrying them on a pallak (royal cart carried on shoulders).


What are Their Lives Like?

Gonds are agriculturists and choose to live on the riverbeds close to forests. Most of them possess agricultural land. Those who have a god portion of the land cultivate rice, javar (cereals) and green dal (pulses). Tending goats and cattle are also common. Poorer Gonds work in the fields of the richer Gonds. There is not much work available for them except in farming seasons. If at all there is any work, men get about Rs. 25 and women Rs.20 as a day's wage. They love hunting and wild meats are their favorites.

Southern Gonds live in clusters. Each village will have 25 to 30 huts and is surrounded by their fields. Villages will be two to four kilometers away from one another. From one village to another or to the near by town, they travel by bullock-carts. All farmers offer sacrifices at the end of each harvest. The size of the yield determines the size of the animal offered. A good harvest may demand a goat and poorer, a chicken. Pigs are also sacrificed for a moderate harvest. For them, monsoon not only brings showers but also sicknesses.

Girls are married of between the age of 13 and 15. Marriages will be in summer. A girl and a boy in love, running away is an accepted custom. Once they come back, the Panchayat meet together to discuss the terms and conditions of the marriage. Marriages are also arranged by the parents. Depending up on the financial conditions of the families the bride groom's parents have to give the bride's parents some amount of money.

Among the Southern Gond tribes, there are seven clans. Each clan has gods numbering form one to seven. They maintain their identity and distinguish one clan form another based on the number of gods each has. People of the same clan can not get married. When one meet someone, he asks, how many gods the other person has in his clan. This is how they know whether they belong to the same clan or not. Clans with the same number of gods will not get married together. This is observed strictly. If the financial condition permits, one is allowed to have more than one wife.


What are Their Beliefs?

They believe that evil spirits are the causes for sicknesses. Sacrifices are believed to be powerful to keep away these evil spirits. Perumal, the high-priest, responsible for three or four villages together, offers these sacrifices for every village. The sacrifice will be followed by a social dinner. The sacrificial goat has to give permission for the sacrifice by nodding its head! The people will wait till the animal does it.

The sacrifice is witnessed by the whole of the village. But the dinner made by cooking the animal will be enjoyed only by the men. All the men gather at the riverside to prepare the dinner. White toddy from palm or the country liquor called, black toddy may supplement the diner. Drinking, in general, is not just the right of men. The sacrifice animal's skin is stuffed with hay and hung on the village gate. This is to frighten the evil spirits and give courage to the villagers. The Southern Gonds prefer witch doctors even when a Public Health Centre is accessible. They will have to carry a chicken along. Gonds think that enemies' witchcraft brings them ill health. Chanted herbs or water is given by the witch doctor as remedies.




Profile Source: Philipose Vaidyar Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country
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People Name General Gond
People Name in Country Gond
ROP3 Code 112137
Joshua Project People ID 16855
Indigenous Yes
Population in India 13,543,000
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Arakh, Asur, Chorgujar, Gondar, Gonr, Gulwar, Hadi, Koytor, Maria, Muria, Nagpuria, Naikpod, Rajgond, Southeastern Kolam, Tamria,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 5,255,161 Gondi, Northern 2,550,485 Chhattisgarhi 2,037,756 Marathi 978,764
Oriya 810,459 Assamese 437,174 Bhatri 310,668 Gondi, Southern 259,831
Halbi 231,533 Maria 223,490 Koya 190,450 Kannada 182,554
Telugu 162,929 Duruwa 106,759 Bhojpuri 70,309 Muria, Western 43,602
Bengali 41,947 Ho 33,603 Sadri 25,658 Santhali 17,027
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Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Gond
People Name General Gond
Ethnic Code AUG06b
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Largest Religion Hinduism
Buddhism
0.03%
Christianity
1.0%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
0.00%
Hinduism
93.78%
Islam
0.07%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
5.09%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
0.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: COMIBAM / Sepal
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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