Aka in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Aka women make their faces ugly, by painting them! Covering their beauty is their way of protecting themselves from men from outside. Because of this habit the British and Assamese gave them their name 'Aka', which in Assamese means 'painted'.

They are very proud of their long history. Their folklore claims that their ancestor was King Bhaluka, the grandson of King Bana who was defeated by Lord Krishna at Tezpur. Though their population is small, there are two dialects, namely Hrusso Aka and Kora Aka. They are a close-knit community, with eleven clans and sub clans.

What Are Their Lives Like?

They practice shift cultivation – mainly maize and millet. Rearing a bison-like animal called a Mithun is an activity in every household.

Handicrafts, basket weaving and woodcarving are the principal arts among the Aka tribe. Aka men wear a silky Assamese toga, while the women wear a long dark red garment that covers their entire body. Silver ornaments play an important role in the female costume: vase shaped earrings, and for the richer ones, a silver filigree chain is worn around the head. Men having several wives is quite common.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Both Hrusso and Koro Aka speakers follow the same religious beliefs and practices. Their main god is represented by the sun and moon, and they call him Donyi Polo. This god is a supreme god, all powerful, and controlling all living and non-living things. However, centuries of Buddhist and Hindu influences have greatly shaped their religious rituals. Now, superstition and magic play a central role in their beliefs. Shizon is the most popular one – used mainly against their enemies. One Shizon ritual involves slaughtering a dog, draining its blood and sprinkling a few drops of blood in their enemy's house or burning it in his hearth. The expectation is that spirits will harm the enemy.

What Are Their Needs?

As a result of nearly 50 years of Christian ministry among the Aka, about 30% are Christians. Others practice their age-old beliefs. Translation of the Scripture into these two dialects will go a long way to help strengthen the existing churches and lead the entire community to Christ.

Prayer Points

* Pray for Aka churches and their leaders to catch the vision for their people and to take an active lead in the evangelism of their community.
*Pray for unity among the churches and a thirst for God's Word.
* Pray for the mother tongue translation team to be strengthened, well equipped and speed the process of translating the Scripture.
(Mother tongue translation teams consist of language speakers and translation consultants working together.)

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Aka
People Name in Country Aka
Population in India 8,900
World Population 9,300
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Aka Pygmy, Akha, Baaka, Bayele, Hrusso
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Aka
Ethnic Code CNN25g
People ID 16195
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Arunachal Pradesh (6,900) Assam (1,900) West Bengal (80) Nagaland (30)
Madhya Pradesh (0)
Total States on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Arunachal Pradesh (6,900) Assam (1,900)
West Bengal (80) Nagaland (30)
Madhya Pradesh (0)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  18  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hruso (7,100) Assamese (800) Hindi (200) Bengali (200)
Nyishi (70) Adi (20) Panjabi, Eastern Nepali
Kuvi Kok Borok Tibetan, Central Telugu
Naga, Sangtam Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken Kodava English
Naga, Tase Monpa, Tawang
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hruso 7,100 Assamese 800
Hindi 200 Bengali 200
Nyishi 70 Adi 20
Panjabi, Eastern 10 Nepali 10
Kuvi 0 Kok Borok 0
Tibetan, Central 0 Telugu 0
Naga, Sangtam 0 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken 0
Kodava 0 English 0
Naga, Tase Monpa, Tawang
For Primary Language: Assamese

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1822-1974)
New Testament Yes   (1819-1993)
Complete Bible Yes   (1833-1995)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Assamese Bible stories Audio Recordings
Assamese Language Film Film / Video
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
Christassam recordings Audio Recordings
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Jesus Film: view in Assamese Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
9.14 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
4.52 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
61.36 %
0.01 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
24.97 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Rev. T. Kampu  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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