Fulakunda Fulani in Guinea-Bissau


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Fulakunda are a sub-group of the Fulani (or Fula), a vast cluster of peoples living throughout central and western Africa. They are separated and grouped according to language, location, and occupation. As the Fulani migrated southward to and through Guinea Bissau during the fifteenth century, some of them mixed with the Mandingo people. Those who intermarried with the Mandingo were considered "black" or preto. These Fulani became known as Fula Preto or Fulakunda. They speak Fulakunda (or Pulaar), which belongs to the West Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo language family. The area they live in lies between Guinea Bissau, Guinea, and Gambia. They live among the Mandingo and Tukulor peoples in the forests of southern Senegal.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Although the Fulakunda have mixed cultures and are willing to intermarry with the other groups in the area, they still practice many of the customs and traditions of the "pure" Fulani. Their lives center around their herds of cattle or sheep. In fact, the more cattle one owns, the wealthier they consider him to be. Mixing farming with herding, the Fulakunda consume grains and milk as their staple foods. They seldom eat beef except on special occasions and formal events such as the "naming ceremony" or at the birth of a first son. They keep donkeys, chickens, and dogs on their farms. They have a very hard time trying to grow food during the long rainy season. Their cash crops include cotton, millet, corn, and peanuts. The village is the center of Fulakunda society. Women do most of their work in the village. They prepare the evening meal, which takes about four or five hours each day. They also gather grass and twigs for the construction of their huts. Milking the cattle and preparing butter are other important chores. The men herd the cattle and dig wells. Sons over the age of 15 assume their fathers' work. At 15, a boy builds and begins living in his own hut, which he will eventually share with his first wife. Subsequent wives will be given huts of their own. A Fulakunda may have as many as four wives as long as they are treated equally. A girl is often "lent" to a man to see if she will work well with the first wife. The prospective husband will visit and give gifts to the girl's family until the marriage is official. The Fulakunda think of the village as a place of rules and obligations, a place for socially acceptable behavior. The bush, on the other hand, is a place of freedom, where they can act according to their own needs. The Fulakunda hate to feel alone yet they hide their feelings, and they won't publicly express their need for love and companionship. Only through songs is this need freely acknowledged. The Fulakunda are friendly and hospitable.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Fulakunda are a Muslim people who follow the teachings of Mohammed, and adhere to virtues and good morals such as justice, honesty, generosity, and patience. Some Fulakunda have converted to Islam from old animistic beliefs within the last 60 years, though most converted hundreds of years ago. Instead of their traditional charms they use leather pouches containing verses from the Koran. The Fulakunda are very devoted to Islam, probably because they were responsible for helping spread it throughout much of Africa.


What Are Their Needs?

Fulakunda children get only six years of education and many leave school earlier. Many village children don't even start school. Those who continue their education often can't find higher paying jobs and return to the villages. Perhaps Christian teachers will have the greatest opportunity to work among these Muslims.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Fulani, Fulakunda in Guinea-Bissau.

Pray for the Lord to bless the Fulakunda with good schools for their children. Pray for Fulakunda herders to feel God's presence and have their emotional needs met through a close relationship with Jesus Christ. Pray for the Lord to give Fulakunda elders an openness to Jesus Christ and him crucified. Pray for radio broadcasts and Christian music to penetrate the hearts of Fulakunda people. Pray for a Disciple Making Movement to thrive among the Fulakunda people.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

The Waiting World - The Fulani
Source:  The Waiting World      Download

Additional Info
Fulani profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-01-03
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-03-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-02-14
Link Up Africa
Link Up Africa
Tukulor profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
People Name General Fulani, Fulakunda
People Name in Country Fulani, Fulakunda
Natural Name Fulakunda Fulani
Population this Country 347,000
Population all Countries 2,677,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 7
Alternate Names Fouta Toro; Fula; Fula Cunda; Fula Macina; Fula Toro; Fulacounda; Fulbe Fula Toro; Peuhl; Peul; Pulaar; Toucouleur; Tukulor
People ID 11772
ROP3 Code 103076
Country Guinea-Bissau
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Gabu region: central and northern portions; Bafata region: especially south of Geba river; Tombali region: between Aldeia Formosa and Carubel river. Northeast.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Guinea-Bissau
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Gabu region: central and northern portions; Bafata region: especially south of Geba river; Tombali region: between Aldeia Formosa and Carubel river. Northeast..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Pulaar (347,000 speakers)
Language Code fuc   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Fulacunda
Dialect Code 327   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Pulaar (347,000 speakers)
Language Code fuc   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Fulacunda
Dialect Code 327   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Pulaar

Primary Language:  Pulaar

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1982-1993)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1997-1998)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Pulaar
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Ali
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Dini
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Khalil
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Khosrow
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.28 %)
0.30 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
99.70 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
15.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
15.0 %
Roman Catholic
70.0 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Video Source The Waiting World
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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