Bania, Mahajan in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Their name is Mahajan, a Bania subgroup of north India, meaning "great people." Maha means "great" and jan means "people." Most of the 322,000 Mahajans come from present-day Rajasthan. Historically, they are a people who fled into the foothills of the Himalayas during the Mogul Era to escape from cruel Islamic rulers. Most Mahajans today speak Hindi, but Marathi, Punjabi, and Dogri are also spoken among them.

Where are they Located?

Though they are most commonly found in Rajasthan, Mahajans live throughout India.

What are Their Lives Like?

The name Mahajan is found among castes outside the Bania fold. In some states Mahajan is not used as a family name, but as a title. For others, Mahajan means "elder." In all cases, high status and often high caste comes with the Mahajan name.
An economically and socially powerful people, they are highly respected by Hindu society. In the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, and Maharashtra, Mahajans work as landlords, traders, and businessmen. Ironically, few Mahajans are involved in money lending, a primary job of Banias.

Prayer Points

* Ask the heavenly Father to connect the Hindu Mahajans with Christ followers.
* Pray that they will realize that their power and prestige can only bring peace and joy if they have a personal relationship with their real Creator, the one true living God.
* Pray that they would have a desire to serve and respect Him as Lord of their lives and of their business practices.


Some information from "The Scheduled Castes" K. S. Singh, ed. Oxford University Press, USA (1994)

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-08-25
People Name General Bania, Mahajan
People Name in Country Bania, Mahajan
Population in India 344,000
World Population 347,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged or Unknown Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Mahajan
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Rajasthan
People Name General Bania, Mahajan
Ethnic Code CNN25
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 28  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution rankinging, )
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi (107,000) Marwari (27,000) Gujarati (24,000) Marathi (10,000)
Dhundari (9,800) Telugu (7,300) Bengali (5,200) Assamese (3,700)
Mewari (2,300) Bhojpuri (2,100) Shekhawati (2,100) Saurashtra (1,500)
Merwari (1,300) Dogri (1,300) Kanauji (600) Bagri (600)
Konkani (400) Awadhi (400) Panjabi, Eastern (300) Chhattisgarhi (200)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 107,000 Marwari 27,000
Gujarati 24,000 Marathi 10,000
Dhundari 9,800 Telugu 7,300
Bengali 5,200 Assamese 3,700
Mewari 2,300 Bhojpuri 2,100
Shekhawati 2,100 Saurashtra 1,500
Merwari 1,300 Dogri 1,300
Kanauji 600 Bagri 600
Konkani 400 Awadhi 400
Panjabi, Eastern 300 Chhattisgarhi 200
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Hindi Bible stories
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
General Ravi Zacharias
General Yeshu Samaj
Printed Matter Christ for the Nations
Scripture Bibles, Bible League
Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-08-25

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.90 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.10 %
0.00 %
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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