Bania, Mahajan in India







Largest Religion

Main Language


Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey

Introduction / History

Their name is Mahajan, a Bania subgroup of north India, meaning "great people." Maha means "great" and jan means "people." Most of the 322,000 Mahajans come from present-day Rajasthan. Historically, they are a people who fled into the foothills of the Himalayas during the Mogul Era to escape from cruel Islamic rulers. Most Mahajans today speak Hindi, but Marathi, Punjabi, and Dogri are also spoken among them.

Where are they Located?

Though they are most commonly found in Rajasthan, Mahajans live throughout India.

What are Their Lives Like?

The name Mahajan is found among castes outside the Bania fold. In some states Mahajan is not used as a family name, but as a title. For others, Mahajan means "elder." In all cases, high status and often high caste comes with the Mahajan name.
An economically and socially powerful people, they are highly respected by Hindu society. In the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, and Maharashtra, Mahajans work as landlords, traders, and businessmen. Ironically, few Mahajans are involved in money lending, a primary job of Banias.

Prayer Points

* Ask the heavenly Father to connect the Hindu Mahajans with Christ followers.
* Pray that they will realize that their power and prestige can only bring peace and joy if they have a personal relationship with their real Creator, the one true living God.
* Pray that they would have a desire to serve and respect Him as Lord of their lives and of their business practices.


Some information from "The Scheduled Castes" K. S. Singh, ed. Oxford University Press, USA (1994)

People Name General Bania, Mahajan
People Name in Country Bania, Mahajan
Population in India 344,000
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged or Unknown Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Mahajan
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Rajasthan
People Name General Bania, Mahajan
Ethnic Code CNN25
Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi (110,000) Marwari (28,000) Gujarati (24,000) Marathi (12,000)
Dhundari (9,800) Telugu (7,800) Bengali (5,200) Assamese (3,700)
Mewari (2,300) Bhojpuri (2,100) Shekhawati (2,100) Saurashtra (1,500)
Merwari (1,300) Dogri (1,300) Kanauji (600) Bagri (600)
Konkani, Goan (400) Konkani (400) Awadhi (400) Panjabi, Eastern (300)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 110,000 Marwari 28,000
Gujarati 24,000 Marathi 12,000
Dhundari 9,800 Telugu 7,800
Bengali 5,200 Assamese 3,700
Mewari 2,300 Bhojpuri 2,100
Shekhawati 2,100 Saurashtra 1,500
Merwari 1,300 Dogri 1,300
Kanauji 600 Bagri 600
Konkani, Goan 400 Konkani 400
Awadhi 400 Panjabi, Eastern 300
Largest Religion Hinduism
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
Other / Small
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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