Jat, Sikh traditions in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Jats are immersed in several ethnic groups who retain an identity often based on occupation and heritage. The word "Jat" is from the Arabic word "jatta" referring to the inhabitants of what is now much of Pakistan and Northwest India. They arrived in the sub-continent as invaders, yet did not establish ruling dynasties. They were presumably Indo-Iranian who in the course of time they mixed with other invaders and older Indian inhabitants. They are found in central Baluchistan province of Pakistan where they are called Jatt.

The greatest concentrations of Jats are found in districts of Punjab and Haryana. They make up to one third of the population in Mirpur (Kashmir), Gujranwala Multan, Muzaffargarh, Manipuri, Bahawalpur, Patkiala, Faridkot (Punjab) Rohtak and Mahendragarh (Haryana) A popular occupation among them is farming. A small percentage are traders and laborers.

Where Are they Located?

The Jat are located all over India and some surrounding countries. The largest concentration is in the Punjab Region, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.

What Are Their Lives Like?

A man cannot take a wife from his own section. For a wedding, a square enclosure is made known as Chaonari and a fire sacrifice is performed. The couple walk seven times around the Chaonari with their right hand inward. Widow remarriage is allowed but cannot marry her younger brother-in-law or near relatives of her deceased husband. The dead are cremated except children under seven, who are buried.

When a man dies, his widow goes around his body seven times in the reverse direction of the one during marriage, indicating the undoing of marriage and breaks a few of her bangles. An important occasion for display among them is a ceremony which is done among wealthy families when the head of the family or his wife dies, or when a daughter is married. The person who does the ceremony is highly respected and his opinion is given weight in caste disputes.

They eat unleavened bread (roti) and curry, seasonal vegetables, ghee and milk. Girls are tattooed before marriage. Women are fond of jewelry and wear bangles made of ivory, lac (a resinous material) or clay but never glass.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Jat have special ceremonies during the Dussera and Baisakhi festivals.

Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and Nepal and share Christ with these tribes.
* Pray that the Holy Spirit will soften their hearts towards the Gospel.
* Ask God to call out prayer teams to break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a triumphant Church among the Jat for the glory of His name!

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-18
Video Links:
Eyes of the Heart
People Name General Jat, Sikh traditions
People Name in Country Jat, Sikh traditions
Population in India 11,235,000
World Population 11,259,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Jaut, Langah, Langha, Marth, Newar
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Jat
People Name General Jat, Sikh traditions
Ethnic Code CNN25h
People ID 18777
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  35  (up to 20 largest shown)
Punjab (8,053,000) Haryana (729,000) Rajasthan (546,000) Uttar Pradesh (518,000)
Delhi (405,000) Jammu and Kashmir (177,000) Uttarakhand (133,000) Maharashtra (130,000)
Chandigarh (111,000) Madhya Pradesh (111,000) Himachal Pradesh (52,000) Chhattisgarh (49,000)
West Bengal (46,000) Jharkhand (45,000) Gujarat (35,000) Assam (17,000)
Telangana (16,000) Bihar (15,000) Karnataka (13,000) Odisha (12,000)
Total States on file:  35  (up to 20 largest shown)
Punjab (8,053,000) Haryana (729,000)
Rajasthan (546,000) Uttar Pradesh (518,000)
Delhi (405,000) Jammu and Kashmir (177,000)
Uttarakhand (133,000) Maharashtra (130,000)
Chandigarh (111,000) Madhya Pradesh (111,000)
Himachal Pradesh (52,000) Chhattisgarh (49,000)
West Bengal (46,000) Jharkhand (45,000)
Gujarat (35,000) Assam (17,000)
Telangana (16,000) Bihar (15,000)
Karnataka (13,000) Odisha (12,000)
Languages & Dialects on file:  45  (up to 20 largest shown)
Panjabi, Eastern (8,719,000) Hindi (1,217,000) Panjabi, Western (697,000) Bagri (201,000)
Haryanvi (70,000) Dogri (63,000) Saraiki (13,000) Kangri (9,500)
Marwari (7,800) Gujarati (7,700) Kashmiri (7,200) Awadhi (6,400)
Kumaoni (4,500) Chhattisgarhi (3,900) Garhwali (2,800) Bilaspuri (2,700)
English (2,400) Pahari, Mahasu (2,400) Bengali (1,100) Bundeli (1,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Panjabi, Eastern 8,719,000 Hindi 1,217,000
Panjabi, Western 697,000 Bagri 201,000
Haryanvi 70,000 Dogri 63,000
Saraiki 13,000 Kangri 9,500
Marwari 7,800 Gujarati 7,700
Kashmiri 7,200 Awadhi 6,400
Kumaoni 4,500 Chhattisgarhi 3,900
Garhwali 2,800 Bilaspuri 2,700
English 2,400 Pahari, Mahasu 2,400
Bengali 1,100 Bundeli 1,000
For Primary Language: Panjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1818-1954)
New Testament Yes   (1815-2011)
Complete Bible Yes   (1959-2002)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Got Questions Ministry General
Jesus Film: view in Panjabi, Eastern Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Oral Bible Audio Recordings
Sikh Punjabi Language Film Film / Video
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Other / Small

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
99.99 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: COMIBAM / Sepal  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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