Saini, Hindu traditions in India

Joshua Project has identified the Saini, Hindu traditions only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Saini of India live in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, the Punjab, Chandigarh and in Delhi. They are also called Mali. They are in agriculture and horticulture by tradition.

The Saini speak in the languages of the states where they live. They read and write in Devanagari In Himachal Pradesh, the Punjab, Chandigarh and Delhi, they speak mainly Punjabi and read and write in Gurumukhi. They also speak in Hindi.

The main work of the Saini is crop farming and also the management of farm animals is important to them in earning a living. In some states they are gardeners. Most are landowners but in Haryana most lease their land for cultivation of it. More are now becoming shopkeepers like having grocery shops, others have small manufacturing businesses and others have government jobs. Some of the Saini are notable scientists, professors and work in defense.

The Saini have a good literacy level. They have their own education organizations too. They use modern medicine as well as local and they do family planning.

The Saini are endogamous which means they marry only in social boundaries. They do marry among clans and between villages. Adult marriages through agreement by discussion is the usual way. Monogamy is usual but polygamy is allowed in case the mother cannot have children. A dowry is given. Divorce does not happen often but is allowed. Divorcees and the bereaved can marry again. Property is inherited through the male lineage only and all sons get the same with the oldest son becoming in charge of the home.

The Saini women as well as doing the housework help on the family farms for example. Women who are educated work for government and private organizations. They also take part in religious and social matters.

The Saini have their own assemblies that see to the needs of the people. They settle family and land problems and cases involving divorce and adultery for example.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Most of the Saini follow the Hindu religion and they worship the main Hindu gods and goddesses. They believe in exorcisms. The Saini celebrate festivals such as Diwali and Holi. They particularly regard Shoorsain Jayanti which is the birthday of King Shoorsain, on the 22nd. of December each year. They worship ancestors too.

They cremate their dead and get rid of the ashes in a river with the Ganges at Haridwar being the favorite one. Brahmin priests do the lifetime rituals.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-11
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-09-24
Video Links:
A Pilgrimage
People Name General Saini, Hindu traditions
People Name in Country Saini, Hindu traditions
Population in India 679,000
World Population 679,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bogar, Deswali, Mali, Phulmali, Sain, Sainsar, Sani, Sanin, Saniyar, Sayani, Shurasaini, Shursaini
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Saini, Hindu traditions
Ethnic Code CNN25g
People ID 17998
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  11  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (308,000) Haryana (185,000) Uttarakhand (88,000) Punjab (61,000)
Himachal Pradesh (25,000) Chandigarh (4,500) Rajasthan (3,100) Delhi (2,600)
Gujarat (1,000) Odisha (500) Karnataka (60)
Total States on file:  11  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (308,000) Haryana (185,000)
Uttarakhand (88,000) Punjab (61,000)
Himachal Pradesh (25,000) Chandigarh (4,500)
Rajasthan (3,100) Delhi (2,600)
Gujarat (1,000) Odisha (500)
Karnataka (60)
Languages & Dialects on file:  16  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (533,000) Panjabi, Eastern (90,000) Haryanvi (19,000) Garhwali (10,000)
Mandeali (4,000) Kangri (2,200) Pahari, Mahasu (2,100) Bagri (1,100)
Bilaspuri (1,000) Gujarati (500) Oriya (400) Kumaoni (400)
Bhojpuri (300) Sirmauri (200) Awadhi (200) Kachchi
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 533,000 Panjabi, Eastern 90,000
Haryanvi 19,000 Garhwali 10,000
Mandeali 4,000 Kangri 2,200
Pahari, Mahasu 2,100 Bagri 1,100
Bilaspuri 1,000 Gujarati 500
Oriya 400 Kumaoni 400
Bhojpuri 300 Sirmauri 200
Awadhi 200 Kachchi
For Primary Language: Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Hindi Bible Text / Printed Matter
Hindi Bible stories Audio Recordings
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Hindi Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Isudas   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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