Pulayan, Hindu traditions in India

Joshua Project has identified the Pulayan, Hindu traditions only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Pollution. The word brings to mind landfills, garbage dumps, raw sewage pouring into the ocean, a haze of smog hanging over a city. Webster's Dictionary defines pollution as something which is foul, unclean, tainted, or contaminated.

The Pulayan people of the Kerala and Tamil Nadu states of India know a lot about this word. Their name is derived from pula, which means pollution. And as members of the bottom Dalit rung of Hindu society, they are often treated like trash.

Along with most other Dalits, the Pulayans are landless. Many are engaged as agricultural laborers, serving higher caste landowners without significant pay.

Their economic status parallels their spiritual state. The Pulayans are enslaved by a host of false gods, including Mankombu Bhagwati, Siva, Vishnu, and Ayyappa.

The Pulayans are known to be talented craftsmen and basket makers. They also have a tradition of oral storytelling and folk songs. When they are not working to please their landlords, they enjoy singing and dancing to the music of drums and stringed instruments.

Prayer Points

* Pray for God to change the identity of the Pulayans from "people of pollution" to "people of Light and Life."
* Ask Him to set them free from the social and economic bondage of being Dalits, as well as the spiritual chains of Hinduism.
* Pray for these agricultural laborers to be open to the gospel, to begin seeking to please the Lord Jesus Christ, and to respond with singing and dancing to God's Kingdom.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-10
People Name General Pulayan, Hindu traditions
People Name in Country Pulayan, Hindu traditions
Population in India 1,428,000
World Population 1,428,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Cheramar, Christian, Malaipulayan, Pulayan
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  13  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kerala (1,269,000) Tamil Nadu (133,000) Karnataka (17,000) Delhi (2,000)
Pondicherry (1,700) Andhra Pradesh (1,500) Maharashtra (1,400) Gujarat (400)
Goa (300) Chandigarh (300) Telangana (200) Odisha (200)
Andaman and Nicobar (100)
Total States on file:  13  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kerala (1,269,000) Tamil Nadu (133,000)
Karnataka (17,000) Delhi (2,000)
Pondicherry (1,700) Andhra Pradesh (1,500)
Maharashtra (1,400) Gujarat (400)
Goa (300) Chandigarh (300)
Telangana (200) Odisha (200)
Andaman and Nicobar (100)
Languages & Dialects on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Malayalam (1,244,000) Tamil (157,000) Tulu (4,900) Kannada (1,100)
Konkani (900) Konkani, Goan (600) Telugu
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Malayalam 1,244,000 Tamil 157,000
Tulu 4,900 Kannada 1,100
Konkani 900 Konkani, Goan 600
Telugu 10
For Primary Language: Malayalam

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1811-1968)
New Testament Yes   (1829-1995)
Complete Bible Yes   (1841-2004)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Gateway Scripture Text / Printed Matter
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Malayalam Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Oral Bible Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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