Namassej in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

As documented in British India Gazetteers and surveys and hearsay they are like many population groups of Bengal who were made outcast during the Sen Dynasty due to their defiant nature and hunted to southern swamps till the Europeans came and they started migrating to the middle part of Bengal. The caste apartheid which ostracized them also to some extent protected them from mixing. However nowadays they are more or less accepted, particularly among uprooted Bengali Hindu settlements.

They identified themselves by their mythical clan Rishi Buddhas. The major clan is identified after Rishi-Buddhah Kashyap. Mythologically they have the gotra name Kashyapa and follow the rituals of Hindu Sanatan according to the Kashyap gotra name.

They were named Namsudra during British Regime and the use of the sanction term "Chandala" was restricted by an Official Order of British-India Government. Now the community has gained acknowledgement by the name "Namassej" after the Namas Rishi, son of the great clan Rishi Buddha Kashyapa. All other clans like Goutam, Lomasha, Sandilya and Bhardwaj have adopted the rituals of the Kashyapa clan. The community is Namassej Jati now and follows the Avarna Sanatan Matua path. They are ideologically also influenced by Reverend Mead and other missionaries. The discourse "Namassejsantokotha" highlights the influences of different spiritual ideologies.

Where Are they Located?

They are found all over West Bengal, northeast Indian states and to some extent all over India. But very few are found in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Naru and in Bangladesh.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Their cultural life is very much like an average Bengali. They are hard-working, very lively, enthusiastic and conscious of their own identity. They were also very honest but after the division of India there has been great deterioration. Their economic condition is very bad. Average literacy is observed among them. The number of people with higher education has not been high. They are engaged in all kinds of professions but those living in villages are engaged in agriculture. A very small number of their population is doing government and private jobs.

What Are Their Beliefs?

They believe in traditional Hinduism. But their community reformation started with one religious leader who believed in Monist Hinduism. His son and other descendants took charge of his unfinished work.

What Are Their Needs?

Their basic need is for economic restoration and socio-political rehabilitation. After the division of British India this community has mainly become uprooted refugees. A large section of this community is living below poverty line, lacking all kinds of infrastructural facilities. They need economic boosting, jobs, better accommodations and better social acceptance.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-09-24
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-10-18
Video Links:
I Am Guilty
People Name General Namassej
People Name in Country Namassej
Population in India 5,128,000
World Population 8,495,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Canana, Chanao, Chandal, Chandel, Chanral, Chattri, Khanda-Khatriya, Nama, Namassej, Namassut, Namasud, Namo, Verhudti
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Name General Namassej
Ethnic Code CNN25b
People ID 17756
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  33  (up to 20 largest shown)
West Bengal (3,833,000) Assam (740,000) Tripura (217,000) Odisha (167,000)
Bihar (97,000) Jharkhand (15,000) Andaman and Nicobar (14,000) Nagaland (8,200)
Chhattisgarh (7,700) Maharashtra (6,000) Manipur (4,700) Uttar Pradesh (4,700)
Madhya Pradesh (3,500) Delhi (2,000) Meghalaya (1,800) Uttarakhand (1,400)
Rajasthan (900) Arunachal Pradesh (900) Telangana (700) Karnataka (500)
Total States on file:  33  (up to 20 largest shown)
West Bengal (3,833,000) Assam (740,000)
Tripura (217,000) Odisha (167,000)
Bihar (97,000) Jharkhand (15,000)
Andaman and Nicobar (14,000) Nagaland (8,200)
Chhattisgarh (7,700) Maharashtra (6,000)
Manipur (4,700) Uttar Pradesh (4,700)
Madhya Pradesh (3,500) Delhi (2,000)
Meghalaya (1,800) Uttarakhand (1,400)
Rajasthan (900) Arunachal Pradesh (900)
Telangana (700) Karnataka (500)
Languages & Dialects on file:  21  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bengali (3,974,000) Assamese (566,000) Hindi (202,000) Oriya (120,000)
Kurux (53,000) Maithili (31,000) Sadri (31,000) Mundari (17,000)
Santhali (11,000) Amri Karbi (9,400) Pengo (8,300) Kui (5,100)
Kuvi (1,400) Bhatri (1,400) Malayalam: Nagari-malayalam (1,300) Andaman Creole Hindi (1,200)
Bhojpuri (400) Bodo Parja (400) Surjapuri (60) Kharia (20)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bengali 3,974,000 Assamese 566,000
Hindi 202,000 Oriya 120,000
Kurux 53,000 Maithili 31,000
Sadri 31,000 Mundari 17,000
Santhali 11,000 Amri Karbi 9,400
Pengo 8,300 Kui 5,100
Kuvi 1,400 Bhatri 1,400
Malayalam: Nagari-malayalam 1,300 Andaman Creole Hindi 1,200
Bhojpuri 400 Bodo Parja 400
Surjapuri 60 Kharia 20
For Primary Language: Bengali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1800-1980)
New Testament Yes   (1801-1984)
Complete Bible Yes   (1809-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bengali Bible stories Audio Recordings
Bengali Language Film Film / Video
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mussulmani-Bangla, Kitabul Mukkados Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Standard Bangla Common Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: কিতাবুল মোকাদ্দস Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
General Ministry Resources Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Bengali Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.09 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.91 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Create International   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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