Monpa in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Monpas live in the regions of Tawang and West Kameng in Arunachal Pradesh in India. The word Tawang means a place blessed by a horse. Tawang has also been called Monyul and the people who live here are called Monpas.

Agriculture is their main work. They also trade and also breed yaks and other cattle. They are cultivators. The Monpa grow potatoes. The foundation seeds are brought from Himachal Pradesh and are grown by the Monpa to give certified seeds. Then they are sold to farmers in other regions of Arunachal Pradesh.

Horticulture in the region has only happened more lately. Tawang is suitable for growing oranges, apples and nuts for example. Some parts are suitable for some crops and other parts of the region are suitable for growing other crops.

The Monpas live in two story houses made of stone and with planks for floors. The Monpas are artistic. They make carpets, utensils from bamboo and wooden items. They have made a name for themselves with their paintings and with making paper.
Monogamy is usual in marriages but polygamy is also allowed. Usually marriages take place after discussion. Cross cousin marriage is the favorite way of marriage. Divorce is allowed and so is the marrying again of widows too.

The Monpa celebrate festivals. Their language is Tibeto-Burman but different from that of East Tibet. They are ruled by the Trukdri which has six ministers. Some of their other crops are barley, rice, maize and wheat for example.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Monpas are Mongaloid in descent. They are Buddhists. The Tawang monastery is the mainstay of their life spiritually. They used to be in the Bon faith which incorporates spirit worship and animal sacrifices. They are influenced by Buddha and are a friendly and hardworking people.

Prayer Points

* It may be good to pray that Christians with artistic talents could make friends with them and give them the gospel message.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Monpa
People Name in Country Monpa
Population in India 56,000
World Population 150,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Memba, Menpa, Monba
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster South Himalaya
People Name General Monpa
Ethnic Code MSY50z
People ID 17648
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Arunachal Pradesh (56,000)
Total States on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Arunachal Pradesh (56,000)
Languages & Dialects on file:  22  (up to 20 largest shown)
Monpa, Tawang (54,000) Hindi (600) Tibetan, Central (50) Nepali (50)
Santhali (40) Mising (20) Adi (20) Byangsi (10)
Nyishi (10) Mundari Assamese Bengali
Miju-Mishmi Malayalam Kharia Naga, Mao
Naga, Nocte English Panjabi, Eastern Korwa
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Monpa, Tawang 54,000 Hindi 600
Tibetan, Central 50 Nepali 50
Santhali 40 Mising 20
Adi 20 Byangsi 10
Nyishi 10 Mundari 10
Assamese 10 Bengali 10
Miju-Mishmi 0 Malayalam 0
Kharia 0 Naga, Mao 0
Naga, Nocte 0 English 0
Panjabi, Eastern 0 Korwa 0
For Primary Language: Monpa, Tawang

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Buddhism

Major Religion Percent
78.65 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
1.75 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
18.99 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.61 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Mukesh Jain   Creative Commons  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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