Meo, Muslim in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


The Greatest Sacrifice

Source Create International

Introduction / History

The Meo of India are farmers of livestock. They live in the Mewat district of Uttarh Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan. The Meo are a Muslim people but practice a mixture of Islam and Hinduism. They are a Rajput caste. They are Muslims but have their ethnic roots in Hinduism. It is believed they turned to Islam in the 1600s and more became Muslims at about the beginning of the 1900s.

What Are Their Lives Like?

For a long time the Meo have been livestock farmers, breeding cattle. They are well known in India. Some have trucking businesses. Others work for the government or are in the army and the police. A few are electricians and plumbers and there are laborers among them. The Meo who live in Haryana do basket work. Some are money lenders.

They value education and they use medical doctors as well as traditional ones. They are now beginning to use family planning. They eat wheat, rice, maize, fruit, vegetables, potatoes and dairy products. They accept cooked foods only from high castes and to those linked to high castes.

With the Meo, the oldest male in the family is the boss at home. Property is inherited only by the sons and the oldest son is in charge of the home after the death of the father. The Meo are endogamous and there is rigid exogamy at clan and village levels. This means that while they marry within the group, partners are selected from other clans or villages. They are not allowed to take a bride from the village of their mother. Marriage is allowed with the widow of the elder brother and with the younger sister of a dead wife. They are mostly monogamous but polygamy is allowed regards not being able to have children, not having a male heir and difficulty in adjusting. A gift is given for a dowry. Parents arrange marriages and engagement takes place at an early age. The marriage is at the home of the bride and is done by a Muslim priest. Divorce is allowed and divorcees can marry again.

The Meo have traditional clan assemblies who judge and make decisions. Punishments are given by fines or excommunications.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Meo follow traditional Islam. They go on pilgrimages to Muslim shrines and take part in Muslim festivals. They visit and do homage at the tombs of their dead saints. They pray for their wishes to come about by the intercession of these saints. Under the leading of the Tablighi Movement (an Islam reform movement), they stopped taking part in Hindu festivals and have become devout Muslims. They perform circumcision and bury the dead in their own cemeteries. Attempts to get the Meo to become Hindus again have failed.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-19
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-10-17
People Name General Meo, Muslim
People Name in Country Meo, Muslim
Population in India 745,000
World Population 1,574,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Koli Samaj, Me, Meds, Meena, Menam Mayo, Mes, Meta, Mew, Mewati, Mina, Mineain, Wadha Koli
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Punjabi
People Name General Meo, Muslim
Ethnic Code CNN25g
People ID 17620
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  10  (up to 20 largest shown)
Rajasthan (564,000) Madhya Pradesh (107,000) Uttar Pradesh (42,000) Haryana (35,000)
Uttarakhand (900) Punjab (500) Maharashtra (300) Chandigarh (60)
Gujarat (30) Himachal Pradesh (10)
Total States on file:  10  (up to 20 largest shown)
Rajasthan (564,000) Madhya Pradesh (107,000)
Uttar Pradesh (42,000) Haryana (35,000)
Uttarakhand (900) Punjab (500)
Maharashtra (300) Chandigarh (60)
Gujarat (30) Himachal Pradesh (10)
Languages & Dialects on file:  16  (up to 20 largest shown)
Urdu (479,000) Marwari (81,000) Dhundari (72,000) Hindi (55,000)
Mewari (52,000) Malvi (2,600) Shekhawati (1,800) Merwari (900)
Awadhi (600) Haroti: Harauti (500) Haryanvi (400) Bagri (300)
Panjabi, Eastern (200) Bundeli (200) Garhwali (100) Kachchi (30)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Urdu 479,000 Marwari 81,000
Dhundari 72,000 Hindi 55,000
Mewari 52,000 Malvi 2,600
Shekhawati 1,800 Merwari 900
Awadhi 600 Haroti: Harauti 500
Haryanvi 400 Bagri 300
Panjabi, Eastern 200 Bundeli 200
Garhwali 100 Kachchi 30

For Main Lanugage: Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1843-1998)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Bible stories
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video Urdu Language Film
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Epic International  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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