Meo, Muslim traditions in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Meo of India are farmers of livestock. They live in the Mewat district of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan. The Meo are a Muslim people but practice a mixture of Islam and Hinduism. They are a Rajput caste. They are Muslims but have their ethnic roots in Hinduism. It is believed they turned to Islam in the 1600s and more became Muslims at about the beginning of the 1900s.

What Are Their Lives Like?

For a long time the Meo have been livestock farmers, breeding cattle. They are well known in India. Some have trucking businesses. Others work for the government or are in the army and the police. A few are electricians and plumbers and there are laborers among them. The Meo who live in Haryana do basket work. Some are money lenders.

They value education and they use medical doctors as well as traditional ones. They are now beginning to use family planning. They eat wheat, rice, maize, fruit, vegetables, potatoes and dairy products. They accept cooked foods only from high castes and to those linked to high castes.

With the Meo, the oldest male in the family is the boss at home. Property is inherited only by the sons and the oldest son is in charge of the home after the death of the father. The Meo are endogamous and there is rigid exogamy at clan and village levels. This means that while they marry within the group, partners are selected from other clans or villages. They are not allowed to take a bride from the village of their mother. Marriage is allowed with the widow of the elder brother and with the younger sister of a dead wife. They are mostly monogamous but polygamy is allowed regards not being able to have children, not having a male heir and difficulty in adjusting. A gift is given for a dowry. Parents arrange marriages and engagement takes place at an early age. The marriage is at the home of the bride and is done by a Muslim priest. Divorce is allowed and divorcees can marry again.

The Meo have traditional clan assemblies who judge and make decisions. Punishments are given by fines or excommunications.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Meo follow traditional Islam. They go on pilgrimages to Muslim shrines and take part in Muslim festivals. They visit and do homage at the tombs of their dead saints. They pray for their wishes to come about by the intercession of these saints. Under the leading of the Tablighi Movement (an Islam reform movement), they stopped taking part in Hindu festivals and have become devout Muslims. They perform circumcision and bury the dead in their own cemeteries. Attempts to get the Meo to become Hindus again have failed.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-19
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-10-17
Video Links:
The Greatest Sacrifice
People Name General Meo, Muslim traditions
People Name in Country Meo, Muslim traditions
Population in India 762,000
World Population 1,617,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Koli Samaj, Me, Meds, Meena, Menam Mayo, Mes, Meta, Mew, Mewati, Mina, Mineain, Wadha Koli
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Punjabi
People Name General Meo, Muslim traditions
Ethnic Code CNN25g
People ID 17620
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  10  (up to 20 largest shown)
Rajasthan (573,000) Madhya Pradesh (109,000) Uttar Pradesh (42,000) Haryana (36,000)
Uttarakhand (1,000) Punjab (500) Maharashtra (300) Chandigarh (60)
Gujarat (30) Himachal Pradesh (10)
Total States on file:  10  (up to 20 largest shown)
Rajasthan (573,000) Madhya Pradesh (109,000)
Uttar Pradesh (42,000) Haryana (36,000)
Uttarakhand (1,000) Punjab (500)
Maharashtra (300) Chandigarh (60)
Gujarat (30) Himachal Pradesh (10)
Languages & Dialects on file:  16  (up to 20 largest shown)
Urdu (479,000) Marwari (81,000) Dhundari (72,000) Hindi (55,000)
Mewari (52,000) Malvi (2,600) Shekhawati (1,800) Merwari (900)
Awadhi (600) Haroti: Harauti (500) Haryanvi (400) Bagri (300)
Panjabi, Eastern (200) Bundeli (200) Garhwali (100) Kachchi (30)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Urdu 479,000 Marwari 81,000
Dhundari 72,000 Hindi 55,000
Mewari 52,000 Malvi 2,600
Shekhawati 1,800 Merwari 900
Awadhi 600 Haroti: Harauti 500
Haryanvi 400 Bagri 300
Panjabi, Eastern 200 Bundeli 200
Garhwali 100 Kachchi 30
For Primary Language: Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1843-1998)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Urdu Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: UGV Devanagari Text / Printed Matter
Bible: اردو جیو ورژن Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Urdu Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Epic International  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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