Gangakula in India

Joshua Project has identified the Gangakula only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language



The Gangakula are mainly a landless community. Inland fishing has been their traditional occupation, but today they are involved in other vocations. They have four gotras, or clans, namely Vyas, Valmiki, Agastya and Kashyapa. Marriage rituals include smearing of turmeric paste, tying of thali, and throwing of rice smeared in turmeric powder. They bury the dead and observe death pollution for eleven days. They are Hindu and worship gods like Shiva, Krishna, Venkateshwara, and goddesses like Gangamma, Yellamma, Maramma and Lakshmi.

Ministry Obstacles

Karnataka, the main home of the Gangakula people, has been said to be the most spiritually needy state of South India. Rural areas, especially, are gripped in poverty. More than 1,000 attacks each year are directed at Christians by Hindu militants.

Outreach Ideas

There may well be no followers of Jesus today among the Gangakula people, but there are many Christians in Karnataka. Perhaps some evangelical believers will be led by the Lord's Spirit to minister to the Gangakula community.

Pray for the Followers of Christ

Pray for any secret believes among this people group, that the Lord will protect their faith and give them hungry hearts to read, or listen to, scriptures and other good Christian resources.

Pray for the Entire People Group

Please pray for good employment opportunities for the mostly landless Gangakula people.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Gangakula
People Name in Country Gangakula
Population in India 1,295,000
World Population 1,295,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Ambiga, Bhoi, Gam Naik, Gamvakkal, Gangabigur, Gangamakkalu, Gangaputra, Gangauda, Gangemakkalu, Gaurimata, Gowrimatha, Kabbali, Kabbera, Kahar, Kharia, Koli
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Kannada
People Name General Gangakula
Ethnic Code CNN23a
People ID 16785
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  11  (up to 20 largest shown)
Karnataka (1,247,000) Tamil Nadu (68,000) Maharashtra (28,000) Andhra Pradesh (11,000)
Goa (7,600) Telangana (4,400) Kerala (2,100) Delhi (800)
Gujarat (300) Madhya Pradesh (60) Chhattisgarh (30)
Total States on file:  11  (up to 20 largest shown)
Karnataka (1,247,000) Tamil Nadu (68,000)
Maharashtra (28,000) Andhra Pradesh (11,000)
Goa (7,600) Telangana (4,400)
Kerala (2,100) Delhi (800)
Gujarat (300) Madhya Pradesh (60)
Chhattisgarh (30)
Languages & Dialects on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kannada (1,307,000) Telugu (20,000) Konkani, Goan (20,000) Konkani (11,000)
Tulu (8,700) Tamil (1,000) Malayalam (60)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Kannada 1,307,000 Telugu 20,000
Konkani, Goan 20,000 Konkani 11,000
Tulu 8,700 Tamil 1,000
Malayalam 60

For Main Lanugage: Kannada

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1812-1988)
New Testament Yes   (1823-1995)
Complete Bible Yes   (1831-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Kannada Film / Video
Kannada Bible stories Audio Recordings
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture / Bible Audio Recordings
Oral Bible stories in Kannada Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Steve Evans   Creative Commons  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Joshua Project  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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