Chandala in India

Joshua Project has identified the Chandala only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Most of the Chandala live in India's eastern state of Orissa. They speak Oriya, Orissa's language. The majority of them live in rural areas. Traditionally they were farmers or weavers. In recent years, landlessness has been a problem for them. Many of their children have to work, which has resulted in a high rate of illiteracy, especially among the girls.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Chandala people get married as adults. Though most of them have arranged marriages, sometimes the man and woman will decide to marry without their family's help, and sometimes they elope. They do not have a bride price for their weddings. Sons get an equal share of the family inheritance, with the exception of the oldest son, who gets an extra share.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Chandala people are entirely Hindu, and they live in a part of India where less than three percent are Christian of any tradition.

Prayer Points

* Pray that there will be a move of the Holy Spirit that will sweep thousands of Chandala people into God's Kingdom.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-16
People Name General Chandala
People Name in Country Chandala
Population in India 14,000
World Population 14,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Chand, Chandal, Chandalagade
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Oriya
People Name General Chandala
Ethnic Code CNN25l
People ID 16567
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  9  (up to 20 largest shown)
Odisha (11,000) Rajasthan (2,000) Karnataka (500) Tamil Nadu (400)
Telangana (300) Kerala (200) Goa (80) Andhra Pradesh (40)
Maharashtra (20)
Total States on file:  9  (up to 20 largest shown)
Odisha (11,000) Rajasthan (2,000)
Karnataka (500) Tamil Nadu (400)
Telangana (300) Kerala (200)
Goa (80) Andhra Pradesh (40)
Maharashtra (20)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  18  (up to 20 largest shown)
Oriya (9,600) Hindi (900) Kannada (900) Haroti: Harauti (700)
Pengo (500) Kui (400) Kuvi (200) Chhattisgarhi (200)
Dhundari (200) Marwari (100) Tamil (100) Malayalam (100)
Mewari (50) Merwari (30) Santhali: Karmali (20) Kharia
Mundari: Bhumij Telugu
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Oriya 9,600 Hindi 900
Kannada 900 Haroti: Harauti 700
Pengo 500 Kui 400
Kuvi 200 Chhattisgarhi 200
Dhundari 200 Marwari 100
Tamil 100 Malayalam 100
Mewari 50 Merwari 30
Santhali: Karmali 20 Kharia 10
Mundari: Bhumij 10 Telugu 10

For Main Lanugage: Oriya

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1811-1956)
New Testament Yes   (1809-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1815-2004)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Oriya
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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