Adi Karnataka in India

Joshua Project has identified the Adi Karnataka only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Adi Karnataka are living in India in the state of Mysore. They are a Scheduled Caste and also go by the name of Balagai and originated from Karnataka. They speak the Kannada language. They are not vegetarians and eat chicken, beef and pork. They like to eat rice as a cereal. They have sub groups and are endogamous, which means they do not marry outside their group. Women do the housework and do some paid work to help to bring the money in.

The Adi Karnataka work in agriculture. There are also carpenters among them while others work for the Government. Along with other communities they share the same burial grounds. They are being educated but the literacy level is not high, so the gospel message may need to be given in oral form too.

The Adi Karnataka in Tamil Nadu are a Scheduled Caste. They are mostly in the Nilgiri region. They speak in Kannada and in Tamil. Many of them are laborers and some are landowners working in agriculture. Some are in other kinds of work. They are Hindus but there are some Christians among them also.

The Adi Karnataka in Kerala are a Scheduled Caste.

What Are Their Beliefs?

They are Hindus by religion and worship several gods. Some are Christians.

Prayer Points

* Pray that the Adi Karnataka Christians will lead the others among them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that God gives them dreams and visions leading to their Salvation.


Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Adi Karnataka
People Name in Country Adi Karnataka
Population in India 3,747,000
World Population 3,747,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Adiwasi, Balagai, Holaya, Holeya, Madiga
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Kannada
People Name General Adi Karnataka
Ethnic Code CNN23a
People ID 16166
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  15  (up to 20 largest shown)
Karnataka (3,694,000) Tamil Nadu (40,000) Maharashtra (6,700) Andhra Pradesh (2,600)
Kerala (1,800) Telangana (1,300) Delhi (500) Goa (80)
Madhya Pradesh (70) Gujarat (70) Pondicherry (60) Haryana (40)
Odisha (30) Dadra and Nagar Have (20) Chhattisgarh (20)
Total States on file:  15  (up to 20 largest shown)
Karnataka (3,694,000) Tamil Nadu (40,000)
Maharashtra (6,700) Andhra Pradesh (2,600)
Kerala (1,800) Telangana (1,300)
Delhi (500) Goa (80)
Madhya Pradesh (70) Gujarat (70)
Pondicherry (60) Haryana (40)
Odisha (30) Dadra and Nagar Have (20)
Chhattisgarh (20)
Languages & Dialects on file:  9  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kannada (3,428,000) Telugu (232,000) Tulu (7,900) Tamil (6,700)
Konkani (6,000) Konkani, Goan (1,100) English (900) Bellari (300)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Kannada 3,428,000 Telugu 232,000
Tulu 7,900 Tamil 6,700
Konkani 6,000 Konkani, Goan 1,100
English 900 Bellari 300
Malayalam 10
For Primary Language: Kannada

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1812-1988)
New Testament Yes   (1823-1995)
Complete Bible Yes   (1831-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Kannada Film / Video
Kannada Bible stories Audio Recordings
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture / Bible Audio Recordings
Oral Bible stories in Kannada Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
2.40 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
97.44 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.16 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Copyright © 2015 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.