Parja in India

Joshua Project has identified the Parja only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Parja are thought to be from the Ghond tribes and are mostly in the Central province(s) of India. The name Parja comes from the Sanskrit language. In parts of the Bastar region they are called Dhurwa which means a headman. The Parja are cultivators and mostly grow rice. They are said to be hard working.

The Parja are divided into three, the Mudara, the Peng and the Tagara. The Tagara (or Thakara) live in the Bastar region.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Parja are exogamous, meaning they will marry outside of the group. If someone accidentally kills an animal after which his clan has been named, many rituals are performed for purification. For example all utensils in the house are got rid of, clothes are washed and the whole house is purified with the bark of a mango or jamun tree soaked in water. This is a ritual of mourning. If someone in the goat Sept eats a goat then it is thought he will go blind. If anyone kills a snake who belongs to the snake Sept, he puts a new yarn on his head and prays for forgiveness. (They need to realize what are and what are not sins and that forgiveness is only through Jesus Christ).

The Parja are mainly Hindus and have local religious beliefs. Marriage is not supposed to be with the people of the same clan but as their Septs are small in number, that rule is not followed but they are not to come from the same village. The marriage proposal is first made by the father of the boy. The girl is told about it. They dance during the wedding ceremonies. The marriage ceremony is in the house of the boy. Widows can marry again but must marry the younger brother of the deceased husband. The Parja bury their dead. They do quite a few funeral rites. They eat pigs, wild buffalo, monkeys and fowls but not flesh eating animals.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-25
People Name General Parja
People Name in Country Parja
Population in India 604,000
World Population 604,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bonda, Daruva, Dhuria, Didua, Diduva, Gorum, Jhodia, Mundili, Pairgha, Paraja, Parangiperja, Pargha, Parigha, Parji, Paroja, Parya, Pengo, Pengu, Porja, Porjah, Poroja, Pundi, Saliya
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Oriya
People Name General Parja
Ethnic Code AUG06z
People ID 17901
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  16  (up to 20 largest shown)
Odisha (515,000) Bihar (47,000) Andhra Pradesh (35,000) Jharkhand (22,000)
Assam (4,300) Maharashtra (2,600) Chhattisgarh (2,600) Madhya Pradesh (1,600)
West Bengal (1,400) Delhi (300) Telangana (200) Tripura (100)
Arunachal Pradesh (100) Gujarat (30) Rajasthan (20) Pondicherry (10)
Total States on file:  16  (up to 20 largest shown)
Odisha (515,000) Bihar (47,000)
Andhra Pradesh (35,000) Jharkhand (22,000)
Assam (4,300) Maharashtra (2,600)
Chhattisgarh (2,600) Madhya Pradesh (1,600)
West Bengal (1,400) Delhi (300)
Telangana (200) Tripura (100)
Arunachal Pradesh (100) Gujarat (30)
Rajasthan (20) Pondicherry (10)
Languages & Dialects on file:  52  (up to 20 largest shown)
Oriya (235,000) Bhatri (70,000) Pengo (67,000) Bodo Parja (59,000)
Hindi (54,000) Duruwa (40,000) Kuvi (29,000) Angika (13,000)
Panjabi, Eastern (12,000) Telugu (11,000) Maithili (6,900) Chhattisgarhi (6,500)
Bondo (6,500) Assamese (2,600) Bengali (2,400) Marathi (1,700)
Mizo (1,500) Kui (1,000) Magahi (600) Santhali (600)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Oriya 235,000 Bhatri 70,000
Pengo 67,000 Bodo Parja 59,000
Hindi 54,000 Duruwa 40,000
Kuvi 29,000 Angika 13,000
Panjabi, Eastern 12,000 Telugu 11,000
Maithili 6,900 Chhattisgarhi 6,500
Bondo 6,500 Assamese 2,600
Bengali 2,400 Marathi 1,700
Mizo 1,500 Kui 1,000
Magahi 600 Santhali 600

For Main Lanugage: Oriya

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1811-1956)
New Testament Yes   (1809-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1815-2004)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Oriya
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
1.61 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
98.20 %
0.04 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.14 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Henk Sebregts   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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