Paniyan in India

Joshua Project has identified the Paniyan only in India

Population

100,000

Christian

0.19%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Anonymous


Introduction / History

The name Paniya comes from the root word pani, meaning work. The word refers to a worker or laborer and in general, a member of the tribe Paniya. They were literally slaves to the landlords in Northern Kerala.

The famous Valliyurkavu festival in Wayanadu district is reminiscent of the resultant slave trade. During this festival, slaves were sold, purchased or even exchanged by landlords and local chieftains, in front of the Bhagavathi temple. Annual pacts were renewed binding the Paniya slave to work for another year. Cloth, oil or a nominal amount were exchanged, to seal the deal. This practice slowly died, when slavery became illegal. The scars of this practice are still visible in how the Paniya conduct their lives.


Where are they Located?

Paniya reside mainly in Northern Kerala (Wayanadu district), with relatively few in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. With the government resettling them in housing colonies, Paniyas now reside mainly in colonies of between eight and twenty-five houses. Very few among them have any form of education and their main means of income is subsistence farming and daily wage labor. They prefer not to associate with others living in the area.


What are Their Beliefs?

The Paniya do not have many religious practices. They tend to associate a spirit behind anything in their seen-world and include spirits of their dead for worship. Their main god is that of the forest, called kadubhagavathi, or kuli, which is neither male nor female. Its shrine is usually represented by one or more stones, placed under a tree. Their worship at this shrine is usually through offering boiled rice, half a coconut and a few coins. The Banyan tree is very significant in their unseen world as if they believe that spirits live on it.

A few Paniya have started following Jesus as a result of many years of ministry. These new Christians, though meeting together as a church, find it difficult to grow into maturity as the truths of the Scripture are not available to them in their language.


Prayer Points

* Complete freedom in their world view, from past scars of slavery and that they would become selfsufficient through education and economic development.
* The Paniya Christians to become strong in faith and reach their community through evangelism and church planting.
* The Word of God in their mother tongue to open their hearts to see Jesus and help them to grow in His love.



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Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country
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People Name General Paniyan
People Name in Country Paniyan
ROP3 Code 113307
Joshua Project People ID 17834
Indigenous Yes
Population in India 100,000
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Pannayar, Panniyar,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Paniya 71,552 Malayalam 18,445 Tamil 10,245 Kannada 281
Telugu 69 Kodava 40 Tulu 25 Hindi 16
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Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Malayali
People Name General Paniyan
Ethnic Code CNN23b
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Largest Religion Hinduism
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
0.19%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
0.00%
Hinduism
99.73%
Islam
0.04%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.03%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
0.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: Philipose Vaidyar Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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