Manihar in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Manihar have a name derived from two Sanskrit words, mana and kara. Mana meaning 'precious stone' and kara meaning 'maker'. Therefore the Manihar have been known for their occupation of making and selling glass, lac or ivory bangles for many years. Over half of a million Manihar are spread over Pakistan, north India and Nepal. They can be found in nine different zones of Nepal.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The business of making and selling of bangles has long been the livelihood of Manihar communities. Due to the limited availability of elephant tusks for ivory, many bangles and beads now are manufactured in plastics. Today some Manihar take other jobs including tailoring. The literacy rate among the Manihar tends to be low. They speak primary Nepali and use Urdu and Bhojpuri in Nepal and mainly Urdu and Hindi in India. They are Sunni Muslims and tend to share foods with other Muslim families but traditionally do not allow marriage outside their community. Siddiqi can be a common surname.

What Are Their Needs?

In India workers are just beginning to work among the larger populations but in Nepal the work has yet to begin. Pray for individuals with a Muslim background that can begin work among them in this Hindu background nation.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-09-04
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-10-10
Video Links:
The Greatest Sacrifice
People Name General Manihar
People Name in Country Manihar
Population in India 566,000
World Population 633,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Chudigar, Churigar, Churihar, Churihara, Churiwala, Gangapati, Ishani, Kachchhani, Kachera, Kanchar, Kanchera, Ladani, Lakhari, Lakhera, Lakheri, Lalchera, Mangnyar, Mangnyar Muslim, Maniar, Pandiyar Manihar, Shekhawati, Shishgar, Sishgar
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Urdu Muslim
People Name General Manihar
Ethnic Code CNN25r
People ID 17446
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  9  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (487,000) Bihar (52,000) Madhya Pradesh (12,000) Uttarakhand (8,800)
Jharkhand (2,100) Rajasthan (1,800) Gujarat (1,300) West Bengal (1,300)
Maharashtra (200)
Total States on file:  9  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (487,000) Bihar (52,000)
Madhya Pradesh (12,000) Uttarakhand (8,800)
Jharkhand (2,100) Rajasthan (1,800)
Gujarat (1,300) West Bengal (1,300)
Maharashtra (200)
Languages & Dialects on file:  18  (up to 20 largest shown)
Urdu (480,000) Bhojpuri (50,000) Awadhi (14,000) Bundeli (3,100)
Kanauji (2,900) Maithili (1,400) Marwari (900) Bengali (700)
Kumaoni (600) Braj Bhasha (500) Garhwali (400) Gujarati (400)
Bagheli (300) Panjabi, Eastern (300) Malvi (300) Merwari (200)
Dhundari (100) Hindi (20)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Urdu 480,000 Bhojpuri 50,000
Awadhi 14,000 Bundeli 3,100
Kanauji 2,900 Maithili 1,400
Marwari 900 Bengali 700
Kumaoni 600 Braj Bhasha 500
Garhwali 400 Gujarati 400
Bagheli 300 Panjabi, Eastern 300
Malvi 300 Merwari 200
Dhundari 100 Hindi 20
For Primary Language: Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1843-1998)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Urdu Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: UGV Devanagari Text / Printed Matter
Bible: اردو جیو ورژن Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Urdu Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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