Hmong Shuad in Vietnam





Largest Religion

Main Language


The Miao

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

The Hmong Shuad are a distinct ethnolinguistic people group. Their language is very different from all other Miao languages. Most of this group use the autonym Hmong Shuad which means "Sinicized Miao." However, the Hmong Shuad still speak their own Miao language and wear traditional clothing. The Chinese call different Hmong Shuad subgroups by local names, such as Waishu Miao (Lopsided Comb Miao), Biantou Miao (Flat Head Miao), Mushu Miao (Wooden Comb Miao), and Shuixi Miao (West of the Water Miao).


The Miao have a woeful history of warfare and genocide inflicted on them by the Chinese. One attack was launched in 1726. Qing Dynasty troops set more than 1,000 Miao villages on fire, butchered tens of thousands of people, and destroyed their farmland. In response, in 1727 various Miao tribes unified against the Chinese, constructing stone signal towers at one-mile intervals along mountain ridges. The Miao took blood oaths to fight the Chinese to the death. They even killed their own wives and children, so they could face the advancing enemy as men with nothing to lose. In 1795 the Miao took up knives and long poles in another revolt against Qing troops. The Miao occupied many townships for more than a decade. Another uprising occurred from 1851 to 1874. The Miao forces were victorious and gained control of almost the entire northwest area of Guizhou Province.


Some Hmong Shuad claim their ancestors were soldiers sent to Guizhou from Jiangxi. The soldiers settled down and married Miao women. As a result, today many Hmong Shuad do not even claim Miao ethnicity. Other Miao groups call them "Chinese Hmong."


The majority of Hmong Shuad are animists. They also worship their ancestors, a practice that probably stems from their Chinese origins.


Because they are such a widespread group, the influence of Christianity among the Hmong Shuad is difficult to gauge. However, there is a Christian presence in Anshun and Shuicheng, two of the areas where the Hmong Shuad live. Jinping County in Yunnan also contains many Hmong Daw believers. A number of Hmong Shuad attend Han Chinese churches in the region.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Hmong Shuad (Hmong-Shoo-ah)
People Name in Country Hmong Shuad
Population in Vietnam 2,400
World Population 348,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Biantou Miao, Chinese Miao, Han Miao, H'mông (Mèo), Hmong La, Hmong Sa, Hmong Sua, Hmong, Shuad, Mushu Miao, Paddy-Field Miao, Shuixi Miao, Sinicized Miao, Waishu Miao
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Miao / Hmong
People Name General Hmong Shuad (Hmong-Shoo-ah)
Ethnic Code MSY47a
People ID 18496
Country Vietnam
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 16  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Ha Giang Province. 3 villages.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Sinicized Miao (2,400)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Sinicized Miao 2,400
For Primary Language: Sinicized Miao

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Sinicized Miao Film / Video
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.00 %)
2.00 %
Ethnic Religions
98.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
5.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
10.0 %
Roman Catholic
85.0 %
Photo Source: Peoples of the World Foundation   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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