Ulladan in India

Joshua Project has identified the Ulladan only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Ulladan are so called because they come form the interior forests. Ullu means inside parts and ulladan can mean interior people. Yet there is another story behind this name. Before the advent of British Empire a group of soldiers belonging to Central Travancore in Kerala, went to forests with their families to protect their lives from the internal warfare between the local kings. They settled themselves in the forests. After being in exile for several years some of them returned to their native places. Those who came back were uncivilized due to their lost connection with the civilized country. Locals called them Ulkadans, means forest dwellers with the implication that they possess the uncivilized nature of forest dwellers. That term Ulkadans shortened and became Ulladans after a period of time.

Those who eked out a living by hunting and eating root vegetables and fruits had to seek new avenues for living when they migrated to the towns. At that time the feudal lords who were high caste people, gave them safe haven by making them as their tenants. Cultivating in their lands and working in the fields, they got a new lease of life in the country. Dependents of their feudal masters, they not only faced social discrimination prevailed over there but also deprived of education.

In the 1970s many Ulladans received lands adjacent to the forests, thanks to the land reforms implemented by the government. As a result many migrated to the lands in the vicinity of the forests. In order to protect themselves from the attack of wild beasts they made huts on the trees and lived there. Natural calamities and epidemics took its toll and made their life all the more miserable.

Ulladans live in land encompassed by forests. They are mostly seen in districts like Idukki, Kottayam, Pattanamthitta and Quilon. [In Kattapana, which is in Idukki district, they live in places like Teprankudi, Vattikudi, Puliamala and Kozhimala. They are numerically strong in Kanjikuzhi panchayat, where they spread over in Pazhayirikandam, Mukkuvalli and Varikamuttan. Besides this in the neighborhood of Adimali called Kurangati hills they dwell in large numbers. In Ernakulam district near Tattekadu bird sanctuary they can be seen in a place called Panavoorkudi].

Ulladans are similar to gypsies of Malabar. Hunting and fishing are part and parcel of their life. Although development is taking place under the control of the government, their standard of living is low and educationally backward.

Liquor consumption and smoking are prevalent among them. Irrespective of age they chew betel and other pan. They have their own dialect and terminology. They offer prayer in temples and believe in witchcraft.

Each locality has one elder. Elder will preside over important issues and matters concerning marriage and death.

Earlier child marriage prevailed among them. When the boy or girl becomes 5-6 years old, parents find bride or bridegroom for their child. Both parties together confirm the marriage by word. After two years when the boy attains 7 years marriage is conducted. Since then bride live in the bridegroom's house. A girl's coming of age is trumpeted as another marriage called Thirandu kalyanam.

The dead are washed and wrapped in new clothes as part of post death ceremony. There is a practice of applying oil over the dead by the relatives. Another custom is to spread linen cloth over the dead by the relatives. After this the body is buried. Few are the Ulladans who believe in a life after death.

Pray for workers to be raised up to minister among the Ulladans.

Profile Source:   Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-30
People Name General Ulladan
People Name in Country Ulladan
Population in India 20,000
World Population 20,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Kochuvelan, Nadi, Nayadi, Ullatan
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Malayali
People Name General Ulladan
Ethnic Code CNN23b
People ID 18282
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  3  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kerala (20,000) Tamil Nadu (300) Pondicherry (30)
Total States on file:  3  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kerala (20,000) Tamil Nadu (300)
Pondicherry (30)

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.

Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Malayalam (20,000) Tamil (100)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Malayalam 20,000 Tamil 100
For Primary Language: Malayalam

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1811-1968)
New Testament Yes   (1829-1995)
Complete Bible Yes   (1841-2004)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Gateway Scripture Text / Printed Matter
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Malayalam Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Oral Bible Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
1.10 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
98.71 %
0.02 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.17 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Philipose Vaidyar   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Copyright © 2015 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.