Targala, Hindu traditions in India

Joshua Project has identified the Targala, Hindu traditions only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language



The Targala (or Bhoviya) claim they are the descendants of an ex-communicated Brahmin community. They have three subgroups, the Nayak, Bhojak (or Bhojai) and Voyas. These names are also used as surnames. Each subgroup is divided into a number of clans named after their ancestral homes. Inter-subgroup marriages are allowed, but they strictly adhere to community endogamy (marrying only within the caste). Vermilion, bracelets and toe-rings are symbols of marriage for women. They are Hindu, and their community goddess is Bahucharamata or Ambamata. They worship Bhubaneswari and Suleswari or Sulgamata as village deities. Traditionally, they accept food and water from higher castes such as the Brahmin and Kshatriya, but not from the lower castes.

Ministry Obstacles

Most Targala live in the state of Gujarat, where many Hindu extremist groups are active.

Outreach Ideas

There are Christian believers in Gujarat, in other people groups. Please pray these believers will develop a heart to take the message of Jesus throughout their state.

Pray for the Followers of Christ

Please pray for believers in the state of Gujarat, that they will live holy lives, honoring the Lord and being zealous in their service to him. Pray they will be protected from those who would harm them and their witness.

Pray for the Entire People Group

Pray the government of Gujarat will actively work to protect all religious minorities.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Targala, Hindu traditions
People Name in Country Targala, Hindu traditions
Population in India 36,000
World Population 36,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bhavaiya, Bhavaya, Bhayiya, Bhojak, Bhojja, Bhoviya, Nayak
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Gujarat (34,000) Maharashtra (2,400) Karnataka (70) Dadra and Nagar Have (50)
Daman and Diu (20)
Total States on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Gujarat (34,000) Maharashtra (2,400)
Karnataka (70) Dadra and Nagar Have (50)
Daman and Diu (20)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
Gujarati (34,000) Hindi (1,500) Konkani (300) Kannada (20)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Gujarati 34,000 Hindi 1,500
Konkani 300 Kannada 20
For Primary Language: Gujarati

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1809-1965)
New Testament Yes   (1820-1985)
Complete Bible Yes   (1823-2005)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Text / Printed Matter
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Jesus Film: view in Gujarati Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture / Bible Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
97.91 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
2.09 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Isudas   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Joshua Project  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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