Sauria Paharia in India


Population
73,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

With a culture over 4,000 years old and the world's second largest population, India contains a multitude of closely related people groups. Over thousands of years, these countless groups have migrated into this subcontinent, and many have maintained distinctive cultures. Today, more than 800 languages are spoken in India, and the complex "caste" system has further divided the people into an endless number of social classes.

The Churahi Pahari are one of the many Hindu people groups of India. They are primarily located in the northern state of Himachal Pradesh. This is a rugged mountain region in which roads are merely mule tracks or footpaths winding around the outer slopes of the Himalayas.

The Churahi are a hardworking and often isolated people. Many of their villages are snowbound for up to four months a year, and the people must live on what they have stored away.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Churahi Pahari are meager, honest farmers. They cultivate terraces on hillsides which produce only sparse crops twice a year. Their principal crops are potatoes and rice, and a variety of other vegetables are also grown. Fertilizer is used, as well as a system of plot rotation in which the ground is allowed to lie fallow. Wet rice is grown during the monsoon season, whereas dry rice, maize, millet, and wheat are raised on the drier land during the summer and winter months. Most of the farmers raise buffalo and goats for meat and cows for milk. The villagers live on a simple diet of milk, lentils, a few vegetables, a little fruit, and occasionally meat.

The Churahi live in extended families in villages that consist of loosely grouped homes surrounded by the farm land. The villages are generally situated near rivers or springs, and the homes are connected by footpaths. Sometimes the paths meet together near a large tree that is used as a meeting place for the villagers as well as a resting place for travelers.

The houses are rectangular in shape with stone and mortar walls. The roofs are made of slate, wood, or thatch. Doors, windows, and door frames are often ornately carved and painted. The houses usually have two or more stories, with the people living on the second floor and the animals roaming freely on the ground floor.

During religious festivals or village fairs, the women like to wear brightly colored clothes, heavy silver nose rings and earrings, and colorful head scarves.

There are many rites of passage for children such as the first rice feeding and the first haircut. Also, girls go through puberty rites and boys go through initiations known as "sacred thread ceremonies." When they are about eight years old, the children begin doing domestic chores. Girls care for the younger children, haul water, and carry food for the animals. Boys tend the animals, help in the fields, or carry milk to the market. Many children walk up to five or six miles a day to school.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The vast majority of the Churahi Pahari are Hindus, and nearly all of the others practice ethnic religions. Those who are Hindus are generally not as strict in their observance of religious laws as other Hindus.

It is said that the Hindus worship more than 300 million gods. Though other supernatural beings are also worshipped, the gods and goddesses are considered as the most powerful. They live in fear of these gods, and regularly try to appease them with offerings. Both village gods and household gods are worshipped. These include ancestral spirits, ghosts, demons, spirits, and fairies. The Churahi also recognize the five Pandava brothers (heroic warriors of a Hindu epic) as deities, although other Hindus do not.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Churahi Pahari.
* Pray for God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask God to give the Churahi Christians boldness to share the Gospel with their own people.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the people toward Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of India's governmental leaders to the Gospel.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Sauria Paharia
People Name in Country Sauria Paharia
Population in India 73,000
World Population 78,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2.1
Least-Reached No
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Male, Maler, Malto, Samaria Paharia, Samaria Pahariya
People ID 18044
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 3
Jharkhand (66,000) West Bengal (7,000) Bihar (800)
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 3
Jharkhand (66,000) West Bengal (7,000)
Bihar (800)
Primary Language: Santhali (43,000 speakers)
Language Code: sat   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 42
Secondary Languages: (only 20 largest shown)
Hindi (24,000) Bengali (5,000) Sauria Paharia (2,100) Nepali (1,600)
Mundari (900) Kurux (800) Munda (600) Ho (300)
Tibetan, Central (200) Urdu (200) Marathi (100) Gadaba, Mudhili (100)
Panjabi, Eastern (100) Lepcha (70) Oriya (60) Kharia (40)
Sherpa (30) Khasi (30) Telugu (20) Adi (20)
Primary Language: Santhali (43,000 speakers)
Language Code: sat   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 42
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (24,000) Bengali (5,000)
Sauria Paharia (2,100) Nepali (1,600)
Mundari (900) Kurux (800)
Munda (600) Ho (300)
Tibetan, Central (200) Urdu (200)
Marathi (100) Gadaba, Mudhili (100)
Panjabi, Eastern (100) Lepcha (70)
Oriya (60) Kharia (40)
Sherpa (30) Khasi (30)
Telugu (20) Adi (20)
For Primary Language: Santhali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1868-1989)
New Testament Yes   (1887-1962)
Complete Bible Yes   (1914-2005)
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Enlightened Heart (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Santali
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
1.54 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown
10.64 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
80.42 %
Islam
0.52 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
6.89 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


Copyright © 2016 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.