Pao in India

Joshua Project has identified the Pao only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

India is a complex mosaic of ethnic, linguistic, religious, and social groupings. Because of this diversity, it is extremely difficult to adequately describe any single people group. Ranking second only to China among the world's most populous countries, India has a population of more than 1,000,000,000.

India may be divided into four main regions: the Himalayas, the northern river-plains region, the Deccan Plateau, and the Eastern and Western Ghats Mountains. Because of numerous geographical features, climatic conditions are also widely diverse on both a seasonal and regional basis, ranging from tropical to temperate extremes.

In the midst of this complexity can be found the Pao. They are located mainly in the Satna district of the state of Madhya Pradesh, and their language is a member of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Little is known about their specific lifestyle.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of India's population lives in rural areas and is engaged in some form of agriculture. Many are farmers growing barely enough to survive. Their farms are extremely small and are often very fragmented. The raising of livestock, particularly horned cattle, buffalo, horses, and mules, is a central feature of the agricultural economy. Because of Hindu influence, however, these animals are used almost exclusively as beasts of burden rather than sources of meat.

Indian culture is primarily Hindu-oriented. Many Hindu institutions, including the rigid caste (social class) system, have wide-ranging effects on secular Indian society. The word "caste" basically means breed, race, or kind. Indian society is divided into hierarchical castes which are usually endogamous (marriage only within the caste). Castes may be defined by occupation or by kinship and lineage, although there are some exceptions. Nevertheless, caste is so fundamental to the social organization of India that it prevails in all parts, except some of the tribal populations. Not enough is known about the Pao to accurately place them in the caste system; thus, their particular lifestyle cannot be adequately described. Further research is needed to clearly identify these people so they can be reached with the Gospel.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Pao are virtually all Hindu and follow the basic Hindu customs and traditions. The term "Hinduism" came into use about 1200A.D., but clearly identifying what Hindus believe is difficult. The religion has no founder, no prophet, and no instructional system. It is a way of living much more than a theology; it is a philosophy more than a religion. Contrary to popular belief in the West, Hinduism is not an ancient, fixed set of beliefs. Rather, it is a body of customs, practices, and beliefs that go through major changes every few hundred years.

The majority, though not all, of Hindus believe in a supreme being. Some respect all life and eat only vegetables, while others will gladly eat meat from sacrifices in the temple. To some, their religion is highly personal; to others, it is impersonal. While most Hindus worship Brahman (the creator), Shiva (the destroyer), Vishnu (the preserver), and the goddess Shaktri, they also worship a pantheon of other minor gods, their incarnations, spouses, or offspring. A belief in reincarnation (continual cycle of death and rebirth) is one of the few unifying features of Hinduism.

What Are Their Needs?

There are only a few known Christians among the Pao. These believers desperately need materials that will encourage and strengthen them in their walk with the Lord. Fervent intercession and pioneer missionary efforts are essential if a strong, indigenous church is to be established among the Pao of India.

Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into India who will share the Good News with the Pao.
* Pray that God will use the Pao believers to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to call intercessors who will daily stand in the gap for the Pao.

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Video Links:
A Pilgrimage
People Name General Pao
People Name in Country Pao
Population in India 71,000
World Population 71,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Pobia
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Pao
Ethnic Code MSY50z
People ID 17842
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Madhya Pradesh (54,000) Chhattisgarh (17,000)
Total States on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Madhya Pradesh (54,000) Chhattisgarh (17,000)
Languages & Dialects on file:  19  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (56,000) Chhattisgarhi (13,000) Oriya (1,500) Gondi, Northern (100)
Korku (70) Halbi (40) Bengali (30) Marathi (30)
Kurux (30) Khandesi (10) Korwa (10) Panjabi, Eastern (10)
Gujarati Tamil Urdu Bundeli
Telugu Munda Bhili
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 56,000 Chhattisgarhi 13,000
Oriya 1,500 Gondi, Northern 100
Korku 70 Halbi 40
Bengali 30 Marathi 30
Kurux 30 Khandesi 10
Korwa 10 Panjabi, Eastern 10
Gujarati 0 Tamil 0
Urdu 0 Bundeli 0
Telugu 0 Munda 0
Bhili 0
For Primary Language: Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Hindi Bible Text / Printed Matter
Hindi Bible stories Audio Recordings
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Hindi Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.11 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.81 %
0.02 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.06 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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