Muthan in India

Joshua Project has identified the Muthan only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Othai, at the foot of the Cholar hills and at the bank of Chaliar river, can be reached traveling through Arikode or Edavanna in Malappuram district, Kerala. A look to east from Othai, Cholar hills can be seen. The inhabitants of these hills are known as Malamuthans. (Mala means hills) They are seen in many mounts in Nilambur forest region.

Although they were provided with rehabilitation package with government setting up girijan (tribal) colonies in Nilambur, Kalkulam, Chokkad and Cherupuzha, Malamuthans here prefer to remain in the Cholar hills. Malamuthans who live in the hills have a higher standard of living compared to their counterparts who had settled in girijan colonies.

While scaling the steep mounts and reach the summit there are cashew plantations where some houses are seen intermittently, roofed with tiles. A number of trees camouflage houses that are located amidst the trees. Tiles and the materials for constructing these houses were carried on head from the nearby towns.

While climbing up, we saw many who were on a downhill journey. Some of them go for their daily job in the nearby towns and others are children who go to school.

Bamboo, which is abundantly grown here are cut and dispatched to the valley for sale. The felled trees, are laid, stacked and fired to make coal. This coal is in great demand since it is the most commonly used fuel for hotels in the towns. The wholesalers of bamboo and coal used to come to the valley. Major cultivations of Malamuthans are plantain, tapioca and paddy. Some fields of these Muthans are given on lease to the people in the town at throwaway prices.

Journeying uphill was tiresome. My guide and I had to stop frequently to breath. We stopped near by a hut roofed with hay. Walls were laid up of raw bricks. When I was about to catch the bamboo beam projected from the roof, a voice was heard, "Don't hold it". An old woman was shouting in the tribal dialect. She was drying paddy spread on a bamboo mat in the courtyard. Out of curiosity I asked, "What happens if I touched?" "I will burn the house, if defiled." The answer was instant. She continued, "In this hill only two of us remain untouched. At least we want to die with sanctity". The old woman's chief grouse was that all her people had defiled themselves by their association with the natives in the town, where some worked there, inter-married and spoiled the traditions of the clan.

The other person whom she mentioned was the Mooppan (elder) of the hill. He was living alone, cooking food for himself since his sons had married from other community. Due to age Mooppan lost his eyesight. In the flashlight of the camera the vessels he used were seen lying in a dark floor of the house. He was lying there to breath his last.

Muthans worship hill goddess. Owing to their contact with the people in the town many other gods too 'climbed up' the hill. The popular notion in Kerala is Adivasis (native tribes) in Kerala are uncivilized but the Muthans on Cholar hills are an exception to that.

They try to combine a modern civilization and lifestyle. There are many more Muthans on the other hills of the Western Ghat, who live with a century old practices.

Profile Source:   Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Muthan
People Name in Country Muthan
Population in India 6,800
World Population 6,800
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Malamuthan, Malavala Shiva, Moothan, Mussad, Muthathu, Muttatu
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Malayali
People Name General Muthan
Ethnic Code CNN23b
People ID 17716
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kerala (4,400) Tamil Nadu (2,400)
Total States on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kerala (4,400) Tamil Nadu (2,400)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Malayalam (6,200) Tamil (500)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Malayalam 6,200 Tamil 500
For Primary Language: Malayalam

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1811-1968)
New Testament Yes   (1829-1995)
Complete Bible Yes   (1841-2004)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Gateway Scripture Text / Printed Matter
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Malayalam Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Oral Bible Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Philipose Vaidyar   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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