Kolha in India

Joshua Project has identified the Kolha only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Ho language speakers live in the forests in the Singbhum district of Jharkhand state, and in Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar and a few other districts of Orissa. They are also reported to be in a few districts of West Bengal and Assam.

Where Are they Located?

They originally inhabited only the Singbhum district of Jharkhand state, but they moved to the Mayurbhanj district of Orissa due to forest clearance.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The meaning of the word "Ho" in their language is "man." They prefer to live in the forest because they exist mainly on forest products. They also do agricultural work, but when their field work is over, the men go to the forests to hunt. They earn money by selling forest goods, such as oil seeds and gum from trees. They also collect the leaves of the Sal tree; they sew them together and make plates and bowls which are in great demand in North India.

Development has not had any impact on their lives; for example, none of the Ho villages have electricity. Most Ho live in mud houses with straw-thatched roofs. They are animists by faith, and worship the spirits of their ancestors. They are zealous about their cultural identity and have a very positive attitude towards their language.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Ho people are very receptive to the Gospel, and, as a result, many churches and worship groups have been established among them. Several Christian organizations work among them.

The Bible is being translated into the Ho language. Five books of the Old Testament have been translated, and the New Testament translation is nearing completion. The fast growing Ho church will soon have God's Word in its mother tongue. Having the Bible in Ho will help the Christians to study the Scripture and to bear much fruit.

Prayer Points

* The Ho community to be educated, developed and to have all the basic amenities needed for life.
* Their economic prosperity and for them to attain equality with other neighbouring communities.
* The translation of the New Testament to be completed soon and made available to Ho Christians.
* The Ho Church to catch the vision of reaching their own people with the Gospel of the Lord Jesus.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Kolha
People Name in Country Kolha
Population in India 654,000
World Population 654,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Kohali, Kohli, Kolahi, Kolhi
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asian, other
People Name General Kolha
Ethnic Code AUG04a
People ID 17244
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  6  (up to 20 largest shown)
Odisha (583,000) Maharashtra (68,000) Madhya Pradesh (1,800) Chhattisgarh (1,400)
Delhi (100) Chandigarh (10)
Total States on file:  6  (up to 20 largest shown)
Odisha (583,000) Maharashtra (68,000)
Madhya Pradesh (1,800) Chhattisgarh (1,400)
Delhi (100) Chandigarh (10)
Languages & Dialects on file:  48  (up to 20 largest shown)
Ho (273,000) Oriya (123,000) Munda (97,000) Marathi (65,000)
Kurux (20,000) Santhali (12,000) Kuvi (11,000) Mundari (9,300)
Hindi (8,100) Chhattisgarhi (1,200) Bengali (500) Tamil (300)
Panjabi, Eastern (200) Kui (200) Naga, Mao (100) Bhili (100)
Savara (100) Khasi (100) Kharia (100) Juang (100)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Ho 273,000 Oriya 123,000
Munda 97,000 Marathi 65,000
Kurux 20,000 Santhali 12,000
Kuvi 11,000 Mundari 9,300
Hindi 8,100 Chhattisgarhi 1,200
Bengali 500 Tamil 300
Panjabi, Eastern 200 Kui 200
Naga, Mao 100 Bhili 100
Savara 100 Khasi 100
Kharia 100 Juang 100
For Primary Language: Ho

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1915-1987)
New Testament Yes   (1997)
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Ho Film / Video
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.62 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
93.40 %
0.01 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
5.96 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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