Kandu in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


I Am Guilty

Source Create International                                                Download


The Kandu (or Halwai) are traditionally a business community. A regional council, known as the Vaisya Abha, looks after the welfare of the community as a whole. They traditionally accept water and food from the higher castes as well as from communities of equal status. They are strictly vegetarian, and alcoholic drinks, as a rule, are prohibited. There are about 250-300 lineages among them, and each lineage is identified by a name. The Kandu tend to live in extended families. A Hindi-speaking Brahman performs the role of the priest.

Ministry Obstacles

The Kandu people speak several languages, as do most communities in India. Each language subgroup may need its own church planting project.

Outreach Ideas

Please pray the youth of this community will discover Christian music and other resources on the internet and will listen, download, and view these resources with understanding.

Pray for the Followers of Christ

Pray for those in this community who will someday come to Christ as savior. Pray they will be devoted to one another in brotherly love, honoring one another above themselves.

Pray for the Entire People Group

Please pray for this caste group in Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan, as well as in India. The light of the Gospel of Jesus Christ needs to shine strongly in this group.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Kandu
People Name in Country Kandu
Population in India 2,070,000
World Population 2,213,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Halwai, Kadu, Kanu
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Name General Kandu
Ethnic Code CNN25c
People ID 17080
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 28  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  8  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bihar (2,079,000) Uttar Pradesh (174,000) Jharkhand (78,000) West Bengal (47,000)
Odisha (200) Andaman and Nicobar (100) Maharashtra (90) Manipur (50)
Total States on file:  8  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bihar (2,079,000) Uttar Pradesh (174,000)
Jharkhand (78,000) West Bengal (47,000)
Odisha (200) Andaman and Nicobar (100)
Maharashtra (90) Manipur (50)
Languages & Dialects on file:  11  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (1,227,000) Bhojpuri (793,000) Maithili (202,000) Magahi (64,000)
Bengali (39,000) Kanauji (17,000) Angika (6,400) Bagheli (500)
Awadhi (200) Oriya (200) Surjapuri (40)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 1,227,000 Bhojpuri 793,000
Maithili 202,000 Magahi 64,000
Bengali 39,000 Kanauji 17,000
Angika 6,400 Bagheli 500
Awadhi 200 Oriya 200
Surjapuri 40
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Hindi Bible stories
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
General Yeshu Samaj
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Photo Source: Isudas   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Joshua Project  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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