Gawaria in India

Joshua Project has identified the Gawaria only in India







Largest Religion

Main Language


Profile Source: Joshua Project

Introduction / History

The Gawaria consider their ancestry to be from the three brothers Tapasvi Singh, Lakhi Singh and Bhumi Singh, who ruled at some point of time near Jodhpur in Rajasthan. They claim equal status with other nomadic and semi-nomadic communities. Their literacy level is very low due to poverty and their nomadic lifestyle.

According to legend, this community's name was changed from Banjar to Gwariya to avoid a clash with Nar Sultan. The name "Banjar" probably comes from one of two similar words, "banij" which means "trader", or "banji", meaning "a peddler's pack."

Where are they Located?

They live primarily in Rajasthan State in northwestern India.

What are Their Lives Like?

Previously they were traveling traders and carriers. They became traders after their land was not longer able to sustain agriculture. They used herds of bullocks to carry their goods for trade. However, with the advancement in the transportation industry, they have turned to other careers. Some make household articles and from cane or wild grass and weave mats.

There are subgroups and clans, with rules regarding marriage between those clans. They marry outside of their clan and not with members of their mother's clan or their grandmother's clan. Dowries are paid at marriage and the couple goes to live with the groom's family. At the marriage ceremony, presided over by a Brahman priest, the bride and groom circle a sacred fire seven times. Divorce and remarriage are permitted, but only by consent of the community council.

The naming ceremony for a newborn is performed by a Brahman priest on the seventh or ninth day after birth.
Inheritance is equally divided among sons and the eldest takes over the guidance of the family in place of the father. They eat meat, but not beef. They also do not avoid alcohol

What are Their Beliefs?

The Gawaria are Hindu. They also worship their ancestors, offer grain to birds, and have rites of purification and water-worship.

What are Their Needs?

The Gawaria speak several languages, as most communities do in India. Evangelistic and church planting strategies need to accommodate this. Low literacy rates suggest oral means of communication, using scriptural stories, films, and recordings.

Prayer Points

* There may be no believers among the Gawaria today, but pray for those that will soon emerge.
* Pray they will be properly instructed in the faith, and that God will give them capable pastors to help them mature as believers.
* Pray for workers to take the Gospel message to each individual in the Gawaria community.
* Pray the Lord will prepare them to understand, and to believe

Profile Source: Joshua Project

People Name General Gawaria
People Name in Country Gawaria
Population in India 71,400
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged or Unknown Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Banjara, Gauria, Gavara, Gavaria, Gayari, Gwar, Gwaria, Gwariya Bargia
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Rajasthan
People Name General Gawaria
Ethnic Code CNN25o
Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi (31,000) Marwari (15,000) Merwari (8,100) Dhundari (7,100)
Shekhawati (4,100) Mewari (3,600) Haroti: Harauti (1,400) Bagri (500)
Malvi (400) Panjabi, Eastern (400) Wagdi (Unknown)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 31,000 Marwari 15,000
Merwari 8,100 Dhundari 7,100
Shekhawati 4,100 Mewari 3,600
Haroti: Harauti 1,400 Bagri 500
Malvi 400 Panjabi, Eastern 400
Wagdi 10
Largest Religion Hinduism
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
Other / Small
Photo Source: Isudas © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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