Gawaria in India

Joshua Project has identified the Gawaria only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Gawaria consider their ancestry to be from the three brothers Tapasvi Singh, Lakhi Singh and Bhumi Singh, who ruled at some point of time near Jodhpur in Rajasthan. They claim equal status with other nomadic and semi-nomadic communities. Their literacy level is very low due to poverty and their nomadic lifestyle.

According to legend, this community's name was changed from Banjar to Gwariya to avoid a clash with Nar Sultan. The name "Banjar" probably comes from one of two similar words, "banij" which means "trader", or "banji", meaning "a peddler's pack."

Where Are they Located?

They live primarily in Rajasthan State in northwestern India.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Previously they were traveling traders and carriers. They became traders after their land was not longer able to sustain agriculture. They used herds of bullocks to carry their goods for trade. However, with the advancement in the transportation industry, they have turned to other careers. Some make household articles and from cane or wild grass and weave mats.

There are subgroups and clans, with rules regarding marriage between those clans. They marry outside of their clan and not with members of their mother's clan or their grandmother's clan. Dowries are paid at marriage and the couple goes to live with the groom's family. At the marriage ceremony, presided over by a Brahmin priest, the bride and groom circle a sacred fire seven times. Divorce and remarriage are permitted, but only by consent of the community council.

The naming ceremony for a newborn is performed by a Brahmin priest on the seventh or ninth day after birth.
Inheritance is equally divided among sons and the eldest takes over the guidance of the family in place of the father. They eat meat, but not beef. They also do not avoid alcohol

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Gawaria are Hindu. They also worship their ancestors, offer grain to birds, and have rites of purification and water-worship.

What Are Their Needs?

The Gawaria speak several languages, as most communities do in India. Evangelistic and church planting strategies need to accommodate this. Low literacy rates suggest oral means of communication, using scriptural stories, films, and recordings.

Prayer Points

* There may be no believers among the Gawaria today, but pray for those that will soon emerge.
* Pray they will be properly instructed in the faith, and that God will give them capable pastors to help them mature as believers.
* Pray for workers to take the Gospel message to each individual in the Gawaria community.
* Pray the Lord will prepare them to understand, and to believe

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-09-26
Video Links:
A Pilgrimage
People Name General Gawaria
People Name in Country Gawaria
Population in India 72,000
World Population 72,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Badi, Bajigar, Banjara, Gancha, Garancha, Gauria, Gavar Banjara, Gavara, Gavaria, Gawara Badi, Gayari, Gowaria, Gwar, Gwaria, Gwariya, Gwariya Banjara, Gwariya Bargia, Kangar
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Rajasthan
People Name General Gawaria
Ethnic Code CNN25o
People ID 16891
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Rajasthan (70,000) Madhya Pradesh (1,600) Punjab (500) Haryana (100)
Chandigarh (10)
Total States on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Rajasthan (70,000) Madhya Pradesh (1,600)
Punjab (500) Haryana (100)
Chandigarh (10)
Languages & Dialects on file:  11  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (31,000) Marwari (15,000) Merwari (8,100) Dhundari (7,100)
Shekhawati (4,100) Mewari (3,600) Haroti: Harauti (1,400) Bagri (500)
Malvi (400) Panjabi, Eastern (400) Wagdi
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 31,000 Marwari 15,000
Merwari 8,100 Dhundari 7,100
Shekhawati 4,100 Mewari 3,600
Haroti: Harauti 1,400 Bagri 500
Malvi 400 Panjabi, Eastern 400
Wagdi 10
For Primary Language: Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Hindi Bible Text / Printed Matter
Hindi Bible stories Audio Recordings
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Hindi Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Isudas   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Joshua Project  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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