Asur in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

In the thick forests and mineral rich land of the hilly part of the State of Jharkhand, live a number of different tribal groups. Asur is one of them. The Asur do not mingle freely with others, making it difficult for an outsider to enter their area and build friendships. Any outsider traveling in the region is viewed with suspicion as the area is known for militant activities.

Most Asur children do not attend school, as school facilities are not easily available and they need to walk long distances to go to school. This keeps the literacy rates among the Asur very low. It is too bad that the schools are not closer since their attitude towards education is very positive.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the hard working Asur earn their livelihood as day laborers in mines. In general, the living conditions of the Asur are good. Yet, there is a sharp contrast in the lifestyles and social levels of Christian Asur versus the others. Christians among them have better access to medical facilities, are better educated and have better knowledge about the outside world. There is need for developmental activities in the areas of education, social and medical facilities.

The Asur speak a distinct language called Asuri but no portion of the Scripture is available. Having the Word of God in their language would be an asset in building the foundations of the Asur Church. They could then better understand the love of God and enable the remaining Asur to clearly understand the Gospel.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Traditionally, they follow animistic faith. A significant number of Asur, about 4000 of them, have responded to the Gospel and worship Jesus. The lack of God's Word in the Asuri language has diluted their understanding of Christian living. They have absorbed many of their ancestral worship forms into the Church.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Asur
People Name in Country Asur
Population in India 25,000
World Population 26,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 2.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bir Asur
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Munda-Santal
People Name General Asur
Ethnic Code AUG04z
People ID 16257
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Jharkhand (14,000) West Bengal (7,200) Chhattisgarh (1,500) Odisha (1,000)
Bihar (800) Assam (300) Tripura (10)
Total States on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Jharkhand (14,000) West Bengal (7,200)
Chhattisgarh (1,500) Odisha (1,000)
Bihar (800) Assam (300)
Tripura (10)

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.

Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  20  (up to 20 largest shown)
Asuri (19,000) Hindi (2,400) Bengali (1,200) Kurux (300)
Santhali (200) Assamese (200) Munda (200) Oriya (100)
Mundari (100) Nepali (70) Ho (30) Panjabi, Eastern (20)
Telugu (20) Urdu (20) Byangsi (10) Garo
Korwa Sherpa Tibetan, Central Konkani
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Asuri 19,000 Hindi 2,400
Bengali 1,200 Kurux 300
Santhali 200 Assamese 200
Munda 200 Oriya 100
Mundari 100 Nepali 70
Ho 30 Panjabi, Eastern 20
Telugu 20 Urdu 20
Byangsi 10 Garo 10
Korwa 10 Sherpa 10
Tibetan, Central 0 Konkani 0

For Main Lanugage: Asuri

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.45 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
10.59 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
54.67 %
0.09 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
34.22 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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