Adiyan in India

Joshua Project has identified the Adiyan only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

At one time they migrated north to Karnataka, and they speak Kannada, the trade language of that state. Their name means, "those who serve." They are categorized both as a scheduled caste and as a scheduled tribe.

Though a sizable minority of the Adiyas own land, most of them cultivate the land for someone else. Between their poverty and their inability to save money, the Adiyas are usually dependent on shopkeepers for loans. They have a low literacy rate.

The Adiya people are most likely to marry one of their cousins, and their marriages are arranged by their families through negotiations. Marriages are solemnized at the bride's house. Her family pays for the wedding. As Hindus, Brahmin priests officiate at their sacred events. Though the Adiya people are Hindus, they worship family and village deities along with the usual Hindu gods.

People Name General Adiyan
People Name in Country Adiyan
Population in India 31,000
World Population 31,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Adiya, Adiyar
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Name General Adiyan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
People ID 16171
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kerala (27,000) Karnataka (2,400) Tamil Nadu (1,600) Pondicherry (50)
Total States on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kerala (27,000) Karnataka (2,400)
Tamil Nadu (1,600) Pondicherry (50)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  11  (up to 20 largest shown)
Malayalam (26,000) Ravula (2,100) Kodava (1,200) Tamil (800)
Kannada (600) Tulu (200) Telugu (200) Hindi (20)
Marathi Gujarati Oriya
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Malayalam 26,000 Ravula 2,100
Kodava 1,200 Tamil 800
Kannada 600 Tulu 200
Telugu 200 Hindi 20
Marathi 10 Gujarati 10
Oriya 0

For Main Lanugage: Malayalam

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1811-1968)
New Testament Yes   (1829-1995)
Complete Bible Yes   (1841-2004)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Malayalam
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter International Bible Society
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.56 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.37 %
0.07 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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