Tai Kao in China

Population

14,200

Christian

0.00%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

Although the Tai Kao are part of the official Dai nationality in China, they possess their own spoken and written language and are fiercely proud of their distinct ethnic identity. Their name Tai Kao means "white Tai."


History

The majority of the Tai race in north China lived farther to the north prior to the thirteenth century, when invading Mongol armies pushed the Tai into southern China. Some groups - such as the Tai Kao, Tai Dam, and Red Tai - moved from Guangxi into Yunnan Province and farther south into Vietnam and Laos.


Customs

The Tai Kao live in compact communities along the Honghe River. Most are engaged in agriculture and fishing.


Religion

The animistic Tai Kao have never converted to Buddhism. They "have a number of statues and altars ... to the spirit of the soil, to the tiger god, and to Tan Sin and Kouan-Yin, local heroes now deified by the White Tai." Unlike most people in this region, the Tai Kao believe in a sovereign, supreme god who is active in their lives. "One of their legends states that their ancestors emerged from a pumpkin in which they had taken refuge during a divinely decreed flood that drowned all the other inhabitants of the earth because of their wickedness."


Christianity

Despite the availability of weekly gospel radio broadcasts and Scripture portions in the Tai Kao language since 1969, few have shown any interest in Christianity. They have been described as "the most unreached of all the Tai groups." Little has changed since the 1920s, when missionaries in the region outlined their strategy for reaching the branches of the Tai in southern China: "We are not deaf to the call to plant and preach over the whole world; not among certain promising races only, nor alone in coastwise provinces. Neither do we put much reliance in the project to have the Chinese Christian assume entire responsibility for the evangelization of this disgracefully big unoccupied territory in Southwest China. There is too much racial antipathy. Chinese, unless under foreign guidance, will ever patronize the Tai ... and the Tai are as proud as the Chinese and resent being either abused or patronized."



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Approximately 11,000 Tai Kao live on the banks of the Honghe River in Jinping County in the southern part of Yunnan Province. Jinping borders Vietnam where approximately 200,000 Tai Kao live - a similar number to the Tai Kao population in northern Laos. Small Tai Kao refugee communities are also found in France and the United States.
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People Name General Tai Don, White Tai
People Name in Country Tai Kao
ROP3 Code 109710
Joshua Project People ID 18689
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 14,200
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Dai Kao, Dai, White, Red Tai, Tai Blanc, Tai D, Tai Don, Tai Kaw, Tai Khao, Tai Lai, Thái, Thai Trang, Tribal Tai, White Tai,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tai Don 14,217
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Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tai
People Name General Tai Don, White Tai
Ethnic Code MSY49z
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Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
95.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
5.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
0.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: Peoples of Laos, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Map Source: Anonymous
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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