Bhumia in India

Joshua Project has identified the Bhumia only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Bhumia Scheduled Tribe are also known as Bhumia Thakur to their neighbors. They live in Madya Pradesh, in the plains from Kami to Jabalpur. They are believed to be the early settlers in the Jabalpur region. The name Bhumia is connected to the word "bhumi" which means "land". The Bhumi are land owning agriculturists who live in south India. They speak Jabalpuri and Hindi. They mainly eat wheat and rice.

They have 3 subgroups: the Chote Rathor, the Bere Rathor and the Naik which have other clans. Marriages with the daughter of the mother's brother and the daughter of the father's sister are allowed. All sons have equal shares in the property. The women are involved in many matters concerning money. The Bhumia believe in ancestor worship. They cremate the dead and perform death rites on the ninth or tenth day after death and then have a funeral feast.

The Bhumia are usually wage earners and only a few of them are landowners. Some work at the Jabalpur ordnance factory. They work in the agricultural fields of the Bania, Brahmin, Kayashta and Rajput for wages. Justice in society is looked after by a council of village elders. They are Hindus and worship national, village, family and clan gods. Many use family planning. Little progress has been made in education.

The Bhumia Scheduled Tribe who live in the Karaput region of Orissa have 2 subgroups: the Bada and the Sana. Every subgroup has clans like the Baga, Cheli, Naga and Surya. They speak and write in Oriyan. Some of them own lands and work in cultivating. Other occupations are agriculture work and collecting forest products. They believe in parts of the Hindu religion and also have traditional beliefs. Some have grocery shops. There are not too many who are literate among them.


Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Bhumia
People Name in Country Bhumia
Population in India 193,000
World Population 193,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Baiga, Bhumia Thakur, Bhuri Bhumia, Bodo Bhumia, Thakur
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Oriya
People Name General Bhumia
Ethnic Code CNN25l
People ID 16420
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
Odisha (163,000) Madhya Pradesh (31,000) Delhi (90) Andhra Pradesh (20)
Total States on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
Odisha (163,000) Madhya Pradesh (31,000)
Delhi (90) Andhra Pradesh (20)
Languages & Dialects on file:  24  (up to 20 largest shown)
Oriya (80,000) Hindi (29,000) Bhatri (26,000) Pengo (20,000)
Halbi (3,300) Bundeli (1,200) Chhattisgarhi (1,100) Mundari (300)
Koya (200) Bagheli (100) Kannada (100) Marathi (90)
Panjabi, Eastern (90) Telugu (60) Duruwa (50) Kuvi (40)
Bhili (30) Kurux: Kisan (20) Kodava (20) Bengali
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Oriya 80,000 Hindi 29,000
Bhatri 26,000 Pengo 20,000
Halbi 3,300 Bundeli 1,200
Chhattisgarhi 1,100 Mundari 300
Koya 200 Bagheli 100
Kannada 100 Marathi 90
Panjabi, Eastern 90 Telugu 60
Duruwa 50 Kuvi 40
Bhili 30 Kurux: Kisan 20
Kodava 20 Bengali 10
For Primary Language: Oriya

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1811-1956)
New Testament Yes   (1809-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1815-2004)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Jesus Film: view in Oriya Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
3.21 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
96.68 %
0.04 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
0.05 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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