Abdul in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


The Greatest Sacrifice

Source:  Create International      Download

Introduction / History

The Abduls in Nepal are said to have originated from the Abdal Muslims. The term Abdal means 'lieutenant'. Little other information is known of the origin of this group that has a strong tradition in the music, singing and particularly the playing of percussion instruments. In many parts of India they are known by the name Dafali. This majority of the over 50,000 Abduls are found in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal India as well as Bangladesh and Nepal.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Being of a lower social status has caused many Abdul families to survive on charity. In some communities they are alms gatherers while singing and drumming or selling perfume. It is said that during Ramadan some Abdul wake up early and go village to village playing their dafali (instrument) and singing the names of Allah. Traditions like this have given them the title 'wandering singers' or 'a class of wandering Muslim saints' in some places. They are Sunni Muslims in Nepal and are not vegetarians. They include wheat , rice and maize in their diet. Maithili is their primary language though most understand Urdu and Bhojpuri.

What Are Their Needs?

Because of the Abduls tradition of being able to share food and water with most Hindu communities, this group is likely easier to reach than some Muslim people. Their community is small and hidden in many ways.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Abdul
People Name in Country Abdul
Population in India 33,000
World Population 60,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Abdal, Badal, Bediya, Beria, Dafalange, Dafali, Dholakwala, Dholwala, Hashmi, Hashmi Saudagar, Saudagar, Shaikh Darwesh, Sheikh Darwesh
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Name General Abdul
Ethnic Code CNN25r
People ID 16152
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bihar (26,000) Uttar Pradesh (4,900) West Bengal (1,200) Himachal Pradesh (200)
Delhi (200) Jharkhand (100) Uttarakhand (100)
Total States on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bihar (26,000) Uttar Pradesh (4,900)
West Bengal (1,200) Himachal Pradesh (200)
Delhi (200) Jharkhand (100)
Uttarakhand (100)
Languages & Dialects on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Urdu (19,000) Bhojpuri (9,400) Bengali (1,800) Maithili (1,600)
Panjabi, Eastern (30)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Urdu 19,000 Bhojpuri 9,400
Bengali 1,800 Maithili 1,600
Panjabi, Eastern 30
For Primary Language: Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1843-1998)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Urdu Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: UGV Devanagari Text / Printed Matter
Bible: اردو جیو ورژن Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Urdu Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Isudas   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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