Munda in Bangladesh






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Munda of India by tradition do cultivation and today many are agricultural workers. They are not vegetarians but they do not eat beef. Rice is their main cereal. They have community councils to judge in local matters. Many of them are Hindus. The Munda worship their ancestors and nature also.

In West Bengal the Munda are also called Manki. They do basket work and weaving. In addition to their own language, they speak Hindi and other languages. In Orissa, the Munda speak Mundari and Oriya. Those who are educated are in office work.

The Munda in Tripura are also called Mura. They have a low literacy level, so the gospel needs to be given in oral form there. They do family planning.

In Madhya Pradesh the Munda are also called Mudas. They speak Sadri. They favor cross-cousin marriages. Burials are for children and cremation is for older people. They collect wood and products from the forest to sell. Their children have an education, unlike some groups.

In Assam the most usual way for the Munda to marry is by agreement. Divorce can be difficult to get. On the death of the father, sons inherit the property and the oldest son becomes in charge of the home. The Munda there work as laborers in tea gardens. In the tea gardens most of the young are Christians. The Munda have a lot of deities, with Sing Bonga being their main one. Family planning is not favored there.

Prayer Points

* Pray that God will give the Munda dreams and visions leading them to Salvation.
* Pray that the Munda Christians will lead the others in their group to Jesus Christ.


Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Munda
People Name in Country Munda
Population in Bangladesh 142,000
World Population 4,050,000
Countries 5
Progress Scale 2.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Colh, Haroko, Hor, Horohon, Horo-hon, Kaur, Manki, Mudus, Mundu, Mura
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Munda-Santal
People Name General Munda
Ethnic Code AUG04b
People ID 13867
Country Bangladesh
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 43  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Sylhet (99,000) Rajshahi (22,000) Rangpur (11,000) Khulna (5,900)
Dhaka (3,400) Chittagong (900) Barisal (400)
Total States on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Sylhet (99,000) Rajshahi (22,000)
Rangpur (11,000) Khulna (5,900)
Dhaka (3,400) Chittagong (900)
Barisal (400)
Languages & Dialects on file:  8  (up to 20 largest shown)
Sadri, Oraon (78,000) Mundari (22,000) Sylheti (16,000) Bengali (8,800)
Oriya (400) Bishnupriya (400) Assamese (300) Chittagonian (100)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Sadri, Oraon 78,000 Mundari 22,000
Sylheti 16,000 Bengali 8,800
Oriya 400 Bishnupriya 400
Assamese 300 Chittagonian 100
For Primary Language: Sadri, Oraon

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes
New Testament Yes   (2003)
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.15 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
11.04 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
57.13 %
0.64 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
31.03 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Gerald Roberts  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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