Bhotia, Kagate, Yehlmo in Nepal

Joshua Project has identified the Bhotia, Kagate, Yehlmo only in Nepal

Population

5,010

Christian

0.00%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The small Kagate tribe is divided between the South Asian nations of Nepal and India. In 1974, the linguists Monika Hoehlig and Maria Hari visited the Kagate and estimated their population at about one thousand. In the years since, the number of Kagate people in Nepal is estimated to have grown to approximately 1,500. They reportedly live 'in the mountains between the Likhu and Khimti rivers in the northeastern part of Ramechap district, wedged in between Solokumbu and Dolakha districts'. Another source says that the Nepal Kagate inhabit 'Janakpur Zone, Ramechhap District, on one of the ridges of Likhu Khola'. The Kagate in Nepal live at an altitude of approximately 3,000 metres (9,840 ft.) above sea level. A similar number of Kagate live in India, having migrated there from Nepal. They are found in the North and East districts of Sikkim—the former independent nation that was annexed and incorporated into India in 1975. A few Kagate are also located in the Alubari area of Darjeeling District in West Bengal.

Although this group is widely known by the name Kagate, their self-name is Syuuba. Other groups have given them the name Kagate because of their traditional occupation of making paper from a plant called the kagaj that grows in the hilly areas of Nepal.

The Kagate language is part of the Tibeto-Burman family. It is closely related to Helambu Sherpa, although it differs 'by using less the honorific system in verbs. People can talk about most common topics in Nepali.... Kagate is used at home and to other Kagate.'


Customs

Women are hard workers and have a prominent role in Kagate society. They are 'required to collect fuel and fodder, when necessary, and render physical labor in the agricultural process, but are not engaged in plowing or cutting big trees, etc. Women also have a role in animal husbandry, and bring potable water from the spring. Women also have roles in ritual and religious spheres. Some of them take active part in politics too. With a major role in family management, they control the family expenditure.'


Religion

Almost all Kagate people are followers of Tibetan Buddhism. Until recently, each family was required to send at least one son to the Buddhist monastery to be trained as a monk. Although this is no longer a binding law, most families continue the practice as they believe it brings honour and good fortune to the family. After a person dies, lamas come to perform complicated cleansing rituals for 49 days. 'They burn 108 chimis (lamps) at a time, every day, during this period.... The lama reads out their religious scriptures. They prepare the cho (different fruits offered to the Buddha) and the torma (a preparation made of rice, wheat and fruits) for votive offering; and after the rituals distribute these among all the relatives, neighbors and friends. The lama gets some money and a khada (scarf) and some food. Generally, a group of six to eight lamas perform all these rituals.'


Christianity

Most Kagate people have never heard the gospel, although a very small Christian community is believed to exist among them in Nepal. Portions of the Bible were translated into Kagate in 1977.



Profile Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Submit a new profile or correction

Submit an update
Country Nepal
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country They reportedly live in the mountains between the Likhu and Khimti rivers in the northeastern part of Ramechap district. A similar number of Kagate live in India, having migrated there from Nepal. They are found in the North and East districts of Sikkim.
Submit an update
People Name General Bhotia, Kagate, Yehlmo
People Name in Country Bhotia, Kagate, Yehlmo
ROP3 Code 104394
Joshua Project People ID 12410
Indigenous Yes
Population in Nepal 5,010
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Bhotia, Kagate Bhote, Kagate Bhotia, Kagatey, Kagati, Shuba, Syuba, Syuuba, Syuwa, Yolmo,
Submit an update
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Nepali 5,005
Submit an update
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibetan
People Name General Bhotia, Kagate, Yehlmo
Ethnic Code MSY50r
Submit an update
Largest Religion Buddhism
Buddhism
99.80%
Christianity
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
0.00%
Hinduism
0.20%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
0.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Map Source: University of Texas Map Collection
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Get Involved
Register ministry activity for this group

Copyright © 2014 Joshua Project. A ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission.