Jarai in Vietnam

Population

254,000

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

In 1887 Vietnam became part of French Indochina. After WWII the Vietnamese declared freedom from France but France rule continued until Communist Ho Chi Min overthrew them in 1954. The Geneva Accord of 1954 split the country into North and South Vietnam. The US gave aid to South Vietnam but withdrew from the country in 1973. Two years later the Communist North overtook the South and "re-united" the country.

The Jarai are a people group in the Southern Vietnam Central Highlands. The Jarai language is related to the Cham language of Vietnam and the Malayo-Polynesian languages of Indonesia, Malaysia, Madagascar and the Philipines. Because they are an ethnic minority in Vietnam the Jarai face persecution. The Jarai sought independence through the failed attempt of the Degar Movement.


Where are they Located?

The Jarai are located in the Highlands of Southern Vietnam. Jarai live mainly in the Gia Lai and Kon Tum Provinces of Southern Vietnam. They are also found scattered in several other provinces of Vietnam and in Cambodia. The Jarai make their living by growing corn and rice.


What are Their Lives Like?

The Jarai trace are matrilineal and trace their ancestry through the women. Jarai villages are laid out in a square. Everything is arranged around the village center. The village center has a communal house, a well, volleyball nets and a rice mill. Jarai villages are named after nearby rivers or village chiefs. Houses were once made of bamboo but more recently are made of wood with steel roofs.

Jarai enjoy music and perform music on gongs, xylophones and zithers. The The Jarai are also known for their use of bamboo tubes for wind flutes and percussion. Jarai traditional dress includes indigo blouses and long skirts worn by the women.


What are Their Beliefs?

Most Jarai are animists. They believe that demons inhabit creation and animals are sacrificed to appease these spirits. The most popular spirits are that of fire and water. When a person dies there is a prolonged funeral/time of mourning as part of the death ceremony. Carved effigies and totems are often made for the deceased. During the final death ceremony the Jarai will claim the person officially dead and the spirit released. If the deceased was married the living spouse is then free to marry.

The Christian and Missionary Alliance brought Christianity to the Jarai in the 1970's. The Jarai Christians of Cambodia and Vietnam number around 100,000.


Prayer Points

* Pray that Jarai Christians would be trained to lead the church and share Him with others.
* Pray that Christian Jarai would use their instruments to worship God.
* Pray that the Jarai would find freedom from the spirits.
* Pray that the Jarai would find freedom in the biblical understanding of death.

References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jarai_people
http://goo.gl/nvIYX


Profile Source:   Rachel Routt  

People Name General Jarai
People Name in Country Jarai
Population in Vietnam 254,000
World Population 278,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Cho-rai, Chrai, Djarai, Gia-rai, Gio-rai, Jorai, J'rai
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Cham
People Name General Jarai
Ethnic Code MSY44z
Country Vietnam
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 18  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution rankinging, )
Location in Country Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Dac Lac, Phu Yen, and Khanh Hoa provinces.

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Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Jarai: To-buan (254,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Jarai: To-buan 254,000
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1950-1963)
New Testament Yes   (1974)
Complete Bible No
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Jarai

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 26.33 %)
30.00 %
Ethnic Religions
65.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
60.0 %
Roman Catholic
40.0 %
Photo Source: Cambodia Research Network. Click to email CRN inquires and corrections   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Rachel Routt  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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