Gilaki in Iran

Joshua Project has identified the Gilaki only in Iran






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Gilaki live in northern Iran along the Caspian Sea. They are primarily located in the Gilan province. Although the Gilaki number more than 3 million, their ancient cultural language (also called Gilaki or Gilani) remains unwritten. Today, the educated Gilaki speak Farsi, the national language of Iran. In 1977, a university was built in Rasht, the largest city of the Gilan province.

The Gilan province is a plain that lies between the Elburz Mountains and the Caspian Sea. The moisture brought in by the winds of the Caspian Sea becomes trapped by the mountains, creating a damp, warm climate. This fosters the growth of rich forests in the region. Over the years, the Elburz Mountains have kept the inhabitants of the Gilan province relatively protected from invaders. Those groups who have succeeded in invading the province have only ruled from afar. Ultimately, the Gilan province was returned to Iran in a peace treaty in 1921.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The basis of the Gilaki economy is agriculture. Farmers usually grow rice, tea, and tobacco. Silkworms are also raised in this province. In the 1970's, major agricultural movements were encouraged by the influx of large investments, which were made as a result of the oil boom. Agricultural businesses were introduced, including large rice industries.

The city of Rasht is located in the center of this agriculturally dominated area. It has become a commercial, distribution, and manufacturing hub for the region, producing silk, soap, and glass. Quality roads link Rasht to the rest of Iran, making distribution of these and other products possible.

The architecture of the Gilan province is unique, primarily because it is a forested area and wooden building materials are in abundance. Specific to this region, verandahs are commonly built on the sides of the wooden houses.

The inhabitants of the Gilan province usually identify their own interests with those of Iran. However, they have often been the source of resistance and reform movements. For example, after World War I, the Gilaki demanded national reform and independence for their own region.

What Are Their Beliefs?

History records that the Apostle Bartholomew spent time evangelizing in this area of the world around 50 A.D. Although Christianity was once a strong presence here, now it is extremely weak. Today, the Gilaki are virtually all Muslim. They belong to a branch of Islam known as the Ithna-Asharis.

Islam is a major world religion that is based on the teachings of Mohammed, the prophet. The Koran, or holy book of Islam, was said to have been given to Mohammed by the angel Gabriel. As Muslims, the Gilaki consider Jesus to be a prophet, a teacher, and a good man, but not God's son. They also believe that all men will give account for their actions after they die. They believe that they will be judged by their good works and by their knowledge of the Koran.

The Gilaki Muslims adhere to the five basic teachings or "pillars" of Islam. These include affirming that Allah is the only god and Mohammed is his prophet, praying five times a day, giving alms generously, fasting, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca.

What Are Their Needs?

The cultural language of Gilaki is unwritten. Although an effort was made in the 1940's to establish a Gilaki script, the project was abandoned. There is a need for this ancient language to be preserved. Perhaps Christian linguists will find open doors into the university in Rasht by assuming work on this project.

Christian broadcasts are not available in the Gilaki language. Prayer is the key to seeing the Gilaki reached with the Good News.

Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to the Gilan province and share Christ with the Gilaki.
* Ask God to give the few Gilaki believers boldness to share Christ with their friends and families.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Gilaki towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Iran's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up intercessors who will begin faithfully standing in the gap for the Gilaki.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Gilaki.

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-11-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-11-24
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-10-07
People Name General Gilaki
People Name in Country Gilaki
Population in Iran 4,298,000
World Population 4,298,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names
Affinity Bloc Persian-Median
People Cluster Persian
People Name General Gilaki
Ethnic Code CNT24z
People ID 11890
Country Iran
Region Central Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Gilan region, coastal plain, south of Talish. Galeshi is a mountain dialect.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Gilaki (4,298,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Gilaki 4,298,000
For Primary Language: Gilaki

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (2012)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible: The Holy Bible in Gilaki Text / Printed Matter
Gilaki films, recordings, text General
Jesus Film: view in Gilaki Film / Video
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: EveryTongue  
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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