Darai in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

If you belong to the Darai people, you had better get along with your brothers and sisters in law, especially if your spouse has health problems. The reason is that you will marry your spouse's younger sibling if he or she dies. Most commonly, brothers from one family each marry sisters from another family. So the two families joined by matrimony have many good reasons to get along. If there are disputes, there is a community council to solve them. This community council also helps prevent child marriages, divorce and dowry abuses among the Darai people.

Where are they Located?

They live in rural areas of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. Those in Himachal Pradesh traditionally carried people across rivers either in boats or on inflatable skins.

What are Their Lives Like?

Today many are fishermen, rope makers or common laborers on roads, dams, or rock quarries. A few of these scheduled caste members hold white-collar jobs. They take advantage of government programs to help them obtain land, fertilizers, livestock and higher literacy. This helps to supplement their incomes.

They speak either Bilaspuri or Kangri, both Indo-Aryan languages. There are members of their community living in nearby Punjab who speak the Punjabi language. The Darai people to the west in Punjab state traditionally transported timber by river floats, but today most are landless laborers.

What are Their Beliefs?

The Darai people are almost entirely Hindu. Like most members of low status communities, they worship several gods, and their form of Hinduism resembles animism.

Prayer Points

Pray for the Holy Spirit to move among the Darai people in Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in such a way that they will see that He is Lord of all and worthy of their complete devotion. Pray for the Lord to thrust out laborers to the Darai people.

People Name General Darai
People Name in Country Darai
Population in India 15,000
World Population 33,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged or Unknown Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Darain, Dargai, Daryai, Drai
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Banjara
People Name General Darai
Ethnic Code CNN25f
People ID 11503
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 28  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  6  (up to 20 largest shown)
Himachal Pradesh (12,000) Punjab (2,000) Haryana (600) Bihar (400)
Chandigarh (300) Uttar Pradesh (40)
Total States on file:  6  (up to 20 largest shown)
Himachal Pradesh (12,000) Punjab (2,000)
Haryana (600) Bihar (400)
Chandigarh (300) Uttar Pradesh (40)
Languages & Dialects on file:  10  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kangri (5,400) Hindi (4,400) Panjabi, Eastern (3,100) Mandeali (800)
Bhattiyali (500) Chambeali (400) Pahari, Kullu (60) Bilaspuri (60)
Pahari, Mahasu (60) Sirmauri
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Kangri 5,400 Hindi 4,400
Panjabi, Eastern 3,100 Mandeali 800
Bhattiyali 500 Chambeali 400
Pahari, Kullu 60 Bilaspuri 60
Pahari, Mahasu 60 Sirmauri 10
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Scripture stories
Film / Video God's Story Video
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)

Major Religion Percent
0.07 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.93 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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