Han Chinese, Min Bei in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Min Bei, or Northern Min, are included as part of the Han Chinese nationality by the Chinese authorities.


The Jin Dynasty (AD 265-420): The Jin Dynasty was a period of conflict and disunity in China. The Western Jin capital of Luoyang fell to Xiongnu horsemen in AD 306. Xiongnu was a general name given to non-Chinese barbarians to the north and west - the forefathers of the present-day Turks and Mongols. This resulted in "150 years of bloodshed as competing non-Han tribes vied for absolute power." China was once again divided, and the tribes contained within its borders were at enmity.


The Han Chinese group expanded rapidly as it came into contact with other ethnic groups, conquered them culturally, and assimilated their populations into its own. One historian notes, "In 1500 BC there was no China, and there were no Chinese. The area that is now China was then inhabited by a great number of tribes with different cultures. Though the majority of them belonged to one or another branch of the Mongoloid race, other races were represented. There was no great man who created the first Chinese empire; it grew out of a long, slow process of assimilation and integration over centuries."


In ancient times the Chinese emperor offered annual sacrifices to Shang Di, the Heavenly Emperor. This has led some to believe the ancient Chinese worshiped the Creator God. The emperor recited: "Of old in the beginning, there was the great chaos, without form and dark. The five elements (planets) had not begun to evolve, nor the sun and moon to shine. In the midst thereof there existed neither form nor sound. You, O spiritual Sovereign, came forth in your presidency, and first did divide the grosser part from the purer. You made heaven; You made earth, You made man. All things with their reproducing power got their being."


When Marco Polo arrived in today's Fujian Province, he encountered many Christian communities along the coastal areas. The believers in Fuzhou asked Marco Polo's uncles for advice as to what they should do to gain freedom to worship. They told the Christians to contact the Nestorian Metropolitan in Beijing, "Explain to him your state, that he may come to know you and you may be able freely to keep your religion and rule." The New Testament was translated into the Min Bei language in 1934. The Jesus film is also available in Min Bei.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Han Chinese, Min Bei (Min-Bay)
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Min Bei
Population in China 2,921,000
World Population 3,380,000
Countries 5
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Foochow, Fuchow, Hainanese, Han Chinese, Hockchew, Hokchia, Hokchiu, Hsiang, Kwangsi, Min Pei, Northern Min, Peranakan, Straits Chinese, Totok
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Min Bei (Min-Bay)
Ethnic Code MSY42a
People ID 11343
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country A 1987 study listed a population of 2,191,000 Min Bei speakers in China. Other publications have listed a much higher figure of 10.29 million Min Bei, but this figure includes the Min Dong group who have been profiled separately. The Min Bei live in eight cities and counties in the northwestern part of Fujian Province..   Source:  Operation China, 2000

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Chinese, Min Bei (2,921,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Min Bei 2,921,000
For Primary Language: Chinese, Min Bei

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1934)
New Testament Yes   (1934)
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Traditional Text / Printed Matter
Bible: 新譯本(繁體字版) Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
Primary Religion: Non-Religious

Major Religion Percent
30.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 8.80 %)
10.00 %
Ethnic Religions
20.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
40.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
89.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
2.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
9.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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