Luhya, Bukusu in Kenya

Joshua Project has identified the Luhya, Bukusu only in Kenya





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Bukusu are a Bantu people who are part of the larger Luhya ethnic group. Their main source of income is subsistence farming, but cattle and other domestic animals also play an important role. Sugar cane and coffee are two of their most important agricultural crops. The area usually receives sufficient rain to sustain the population.

As is the case in most Kenyan communities, the traditional culture is under heavy pressure. Development and modernization have a strong impact on most parts of traditional life. However, quite a number of traditional customs have been maintained, some with adaptation. For instance, initiation rites still take place among virtually all sections of the population, but the timing has been adapted to coincide with school vacations, so that they do not interfere with the child's education.

Traditionally there was resistance against modern influence among the Bukusu. This was most vividly expressed in the Dini ya Msambwa movement, led by Elijah Masinde. This movement is a mixture of traditional religion with some Christian elements. It manifested itself clearly as a protesting movement against colonial authorities. Its leader was detained several times, mainly in relation to the attacks carried out on administrative institutions. A ban was reinstated even after independence, because of an anti-establishment attitude in word and deed. As for religion, sacrifice was the basic ritual for the movement, just as for the traditional religion. Ancestor worship also played an important role. Despite Masinde's death several years ago, the movement still commands some following.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Luhya, Bukusu
People Name in Country Luhya, Bukusu
Population in Kenya 1,644,000
World Population 1,644,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Kitosh
Country Kenya
Region East and Southern Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank 19  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Western Province, Bungoma District, Mt. Elgon.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Lubukusu (1,644,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Lubukusu 1,644,000
For Primary Language: Lubukusu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1984-1995)
New Testament Yes   (1993)
Complete Bible Yes   (2010)
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Lubukusu Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Protestant

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 55.00 %)
98.00 %
Ethnic Religions
2.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
25.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
50.0 %
Roman Catholic
25.0 %
Photo Source: Justus Kizito Siboe Makokha  
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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