Balinese in Indonesia





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The island of Bali is probably better known than the country of Indonesia. The word "Bali" brings to mind visions of a tropical paradise. Its beauty, friendly people, exquisite art and unique dance have made Bali a favorite destination for millions of tourists from around the world. On this "Island of the gods" reside the Balinese. However, many Balinese can also be found on the nearby island of Lombok, as well as in Lampung, Sulawesi, South Kalimantan, Sumbawa and Papua.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most Balinese live in very close knit villages with strong family, social, religious and economic interrelationships. Much of the village's interactions are centered on Hindu worship in the temples and agricultural cooperatives in the surrounding fields. The Balinese have two distinct groups, the Baliaga, (indigenous Balinese) and the Bali Majapahit (originally from the Majapahit Kingdom of Java). The Bali Majapahit inhabit most of the island with some located in the lowlands. They are the group here described as "Balinese". The Balinese' main livelihood is rice farming. Their irrigation system is called subak (sharing water resources). The solidarity among those who share water is displayed in their meetings and religious ceremonies. The natural beauty of Bali and the unique culture of the Balinese have provided the impetus for a booming tourist industry. The face of the island has been changed with the development of luxury hotels, souvenir shops and other tourist related industries. Along with these changes have come a variety of employment opportunities. The Balinese are known throughout the world for their artistic abilities. Many Balinese villages specialize in one particular form of art. Their artistic talents can be seen in the variety of their paintings, carvings, sculpting, dancing and weavings.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Hinduism is the primary religion of the Balinese. Even though Hinduism has greatly affected the culture, the Balinese have managed to maintain their original culture, so that Balinese Hinduism differs from Indian Hinduism. Balinese Hindus believe that there is one god that can be explained by the Trimurti, a concept of three aspects of God: Brahma, the creator; Vishnu, the protector; and Shiva, the destroyer. The Balinese practice Panca Yadnya (5 Ceremonies): 1) Manusia Yadnya (life cycle ceremonies); 2) Putra Yadnya (ancestral ceremonies); 2) Dewa Yadnya (ceremonies to gods who save the world); 4) Resi Yadnya (priest ordination); and 5) Buta Yadnya (ceremonies to protect against evil spirits).The impact of Hinduism can be seen throughout Bali. For example, each neighborhood provides a dadia (communal shrine). Both individual families and larger assemblies use this shrine to offer food and flowers to their gods.

What Are Their Needs?

A great need in Bali is a government plan for tourism development. Ironically, a key challenge is to maintain the integrity of Balinese culture in the face of the destructive forces that often accompany tourism. Well-conceived and well-executed laws could preserve the beauty and culture of Bali as well as promote its tourist trade for many years to come.

Profile Source:   IPN, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-06-08
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Help From Heaven
People Name General Bali
People Name in Country Balinese
Population in Indonesia 3,813,000
World Population 3,819,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names
Affinity Bloc Malay Peoples
People Cluster Bali-Sasak
People Name General Bali
Ethnic Code MSY44a
People ID 10606
Country Indonesia
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 47  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Island of Bali, north Nusa Penida, west Lombok Islands, and east Java, South Sulawesi.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bali (3,813,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bali 3,813,000
For Primary Language: Bali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1910-1988)
New Testament Yes   (1978-1989)
Complete Bible Yes   (1990)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible: Today's Bali Bible Text / Printed Matter
General Ministry Resources Film / Video
Jesus Film: view in Bali Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.15 %)
1.50 %
Ethnic Religions
18.50 %
80.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
20.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
70.0 %
Roman Catholic
10.0 %
Photo Source: IPN   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: IPN   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: IPN, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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