Miao, Chuan in China

Joshua Project has identified the Miao, Chuan only in China

Population

195,000

Christian

5.5%

Evangelical

1.5%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


The Miao

Source Asia Harvest                                                Download

Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

Although the Chuan Miao speak a language similar to the Hmong Daw in southern Yunnan, they possess a distinct ethnicity and wear their own traditional dress.


History

The Chuan Miao migrated north from southern Yunnan into Sichuan around 1806 to escape forced assimilation by the Han Chinese. Miao children were forced to attend Chinese schools, large tracts of Miao land were confiscated, and the Miao were banned from celebrating their traditional festivals.5 During the Hui Rebellion in Yunnan (1855-1873), the Chuan Miao sided with the Hui against the Han Chinese. As a result, "Thousands of Miao were killed and many more migrated into Southeast Asia."


Customs

The Chuan Miao love to sing. The early Christians among them "preached the Gospel by song ... they will sing all night after a hard day's work, to be followed by another such day."


Religion

The Chuan Miao's traditional animistic religion has gradually eroded under the influence of the Chinese.


Christianity

The China Inland Mission commenced work among the Chuan Miao in 1915 when Samuel Pollard opened a school for 40 Miao boys. By 1922, 569 Chuan Miao had been baptized. In 1923, 5,000 Chuan Miao were described as being interested in Christianity. Thirty churches were planted by the CIM: 17 in Gulin County and 13 in Xuyong. Three thousand Chuan Miao were "under instruction from time to time." The Gospel of Mark was translated into Chuan Miao in 1922, using the Pollard script. In 1937 the United Methodist missionary R. H. Goldsworthy also focused on the Chuan Miao. Within ten years, the Methodists numbered 113 baptized believers, in addition to 130 "on trial." They also had 406 students attending their schools. In 1946 Ewart Wright wrote, "There is a great lack of Bibles and hymnals, both in Chinese and in River [Chuan] Miao. There is a felt desire to get the whole New Testament translated into River Miao." Unfortunately, since the missionaries were deported in the 1940s, the Chuan Miao church has not significantly grown, and all the church buildings have been destroyed.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Miao, Chuan
People Name in Country Miao, Chuan
Population in China 195,000
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Magpie Miao, River Miao, Sichuan Miao, Yaque Miao
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Miao / Hmong
People Name General Miao, Chuan
Ethnic Code MSY47a
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country The Chuan (River) Miao inhabit five counties in the southern part of Sichuan Province. They are located primarily in Xuyong, Gong, Gao, Junlian, and Gulin counties. In 1990 there were 117,000 Chuan Miao in China - an increase from 1949 when they reportedly numbered between 60,000 and 70,000. In addition, 10,000 Chuan Miao also live in Myanmar. They migrated there in the mid-1800s to avoid Chinese oppression.
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hmong Daw 195,000
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hmong Daw 195,000
Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
6%    ( Evangelical  1.5% )
Ethnic Religions
94.50%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
90.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
10.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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