Liude in China

Joshua Project has identified the Liude only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



The Liude were one of 260 ethnic groups in Yunnan Province who applied for recognition as minority nationalities in the 1950s. The central authorities rejected the Liude, along with 90% of the other groups in Yunnan. Instead, the Liude were officially placed in the Yi nationality. The Liude are closely related to the 7,000 Talu people who live in the same area.


For centuries the Liude, along with other Yi groups, have celebrated weddings with great excitement. Traditional customs are followed. According to one observer at a Yi wedding, "When we came to the bride's home, we saw many groups of girls busily filling jars, basins and even trays with water to be poured on the young fellows who came to take the bride to her new husband's home. At sunset, the escort team arrived at the bride's house with wine and meat as gifts. The moment they stepped into the house, the girls started splashing them with water. According to local custom, the young men could not counter-attack; all they could do was try and dodge. After the watersplashing, the girls began to smear the young men's faces with soot scraped from the bottom of a pan. This is actually a kind of social activity among the youth of the Yi nationality, giving them opportunity for furthering their acquaintance and possibly falling in love."


According to Chinese writer Wu Si, the wedding rituals continue the following day, starting before sunrise. "The bride was carried pickaback out of her home by a male cousin. Local customs forbid a bride to start the journey after daybreak and, no matter how great the distance, she is not allowed to let her feet touch the ground. But where was the groom? Well, he was not to be seen that day. On the following day the bride was escorted back to her own home by her cousin and stayed there for a night, and only then did the groom, accompanied by some of the young men of his village, appear. The party carried wine and meat and herded before them sheep and hogs, gifts for the bride's family. Even then it was a few more days before the groom could send people to his wife's home to bring her back. Then, and only then, were the couple considered man and wife."


The Liude have many gods and spirits that must be appeased in order to maintain order in the community. Ancestors are also worshiped.


There has never been a church or a known Christian among the Liude. They are one of many desperately needy unreached people groups living in the mountains of northern Yunnan Province.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Liude (Lee-ou-deh)
People Name in Country Liude
Population in China 1,800
World Population 1,800
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Liudepo
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Liude (Lee-ou-deh)
Ethnic Code MSY50i
People ID 18560
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country With a population of approximately 1,400 people, the Liude ethnic group inhabits a few villages within the Liude District of Yongsheng County in northern Yunnan Province..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Nuosu (1,900)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Nuosu 1,900
For Primary Language: Nuosu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes
New Testament Yes   (2005)
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Nuosu Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
97.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
3.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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